The Comparative Oncology Program of the University of California, Davis Cancer Center focuses on several specific aspects of cancer biology in animals. The first major theme, Tumor Biology, is the study of major Oncogenes, Tumor Suppressor genes. Cancer Stem Cells and Inflammation-Cancer. The second major theme. Genetically Defined Animal Models of Cancer, is the study of tumor development and progression employing transgenic and knockout animal models to elucidate basic mechanisms. The third major theme, Spontaneous Cancers in Large Animals, uses non-rodent animals to study tumor development and investigate novel diagnostics and therapeutics in a preclinical setting. This program brings a unique combination of skills and models to the preclinical setting. It provides the critical links between bench and bedside. The programmatic goals are: (1) to examine the signaling pathways of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes and the role of inflammation and cancer stem cells in tumorigenesis using both in vitro systems and genetically defined animal models of cancer in vivo;(2) to characterize genetically induced tumorigenesis in animal models and development of novel animal models and experimental approaches;(3) to characterize spontaneous cancers in large animals and to perform preclinical evaluation of novel diagnostics and therapeutics;and (4) collaboration with other programs to facilitate translational research. The program has 29 members from ten different departments and three schools at UC Davis. It has 17 NCl funded projects for $2.6 million ADC (total peer-reviewed funding, $11.4 million ADC). The group has 524 publications for the last funding period;21% are inter-programmatic and 10% are intra-programmatic.

Public Health Relevance

This program moves the discovery of new therapies for cancer by taking fundamental cancer discoveries and modeling them in mice. In addition, the program is unique in having 1300 patients (dogs and cats) that present with cancer to the veterinary school each year. By working together with colleagues treating human patients, the hope is to bring otherwise not available therapies to our veterinary patients, while speeding the discovery for new and effective therapies for our human patients.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
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University of California Davis
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Shih, Tsung-Chieh; Liu, Ruiwu; Wu, Chun-Te et al. (2018) Targeting Galectin-1 Impairs Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Progression and Invasion. Clin Cancer Res 24:4319-4331
Weiss, Robert H (2018) Metabolomics and Metabolic Reprogramming in Kidney Cancer. Semin Nephrol 38:175-182
Hegde, John V; Shaverdian, Narek; Daly, Megan E et al. (2018) Patient-reported quality-of-life outcomes after de-escalated chemoradiation for human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal carcinoma: Findings from a phase 2 trial. Cancer 124:521-529
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Kirschbaum, Mark H; Frankel, Paul; Synold, Timothy W et al. (2018) A phase II study of vascular endothelial growth factor trap (Aflibercept, NSC 724770) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome: a California Cancer Consortium Study. Br J Haematol 180:445-448
Besprozvannaya, Marina; Dickson, Eamonn; Li, Hao et al. (2018) GRAM domain proteins specialize functionally distinct ER-PM contact sites in human cells. Elife 7:
Turner, David C; Kondic, Anna G; Anderson, Keaven M et al. (2018) Pembrolizumab Exposure-Response Assessments Challenged by Association of Cancer Cachexia and Catabolic Clearance. Clin Cancer Res 24:5841-5849
Matsumoto, Collin; Jiang, Yan; Emathinger, Jacqueline et al. (2018) Short Telomeres Induce p53 and Autophagy and Modulate Age-Associated Changes in Cardiac Progenitor Cell Fate. Stem Cells 36:868-880

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