: The Prevention Research Center (PRC) is one of 18 national alcohol research centers sponsored by NIAAA and the only one specializing in community prevention. The primary objective of PRC is to conduct basic and applied research leading to the development of effective prevention programs to reduce alcohol abuse and related problems. Research at the Center focuses on (1) developing a better understanding of the psychosocial, economic and ecological determinants of individual problem behaviors related to alcohol and (2) designing, implementing and evaluating effective prevention polices and programs. The Center consists of a Core administrative and technical component, 4 research components, and 1 educational component. Component 1 - """"""""Administrative Core"""""""" - provides administrative and technical support for the center components and other individual research grants, and includes a portion of the time of the Principal Investigator/Scientific Director, GIS Specialist, Computer Systems Administrator, Librarian, and Administrative Associate. The Principal Investigator oversees management of the Center and (via the core) insures overall scientific integrity of all research conducted at PRC. Component 2 - """"""""The Social Ecology of Drinking and Driving: A Two Population Model"""""""" studies the social mechanisms relating drinking contexts to drunken driving. Component 3 - """"""""Neighborhoods, Alcohol Outlets and Intimate Partner Violence"""""""" examines how alcohol outlets and neighborhood factors moderate violence among couples. Component 4 - """"""""Social Mechanisms of Child Physical Abuse and Neglect"""""""" considers how parents'use of drinking places affects rates of child abuse and neglect. Component 5 - """"""""Local Alcohol Policies, Enforcement, and Underage Drinking"""""""" examines how community variations in alcohol policies and enforcement affect underage drinking trajectories. Component 6 - Dissemination and Adoption of Science-Based Prevention"""""""" disseminates the results of the Center's research activities to support the adoption of science-based prevention at all intervention levels with emphasis in the current application upon community-specific activities. Emphasizing the development of new ecological approaches to the prevention of alcohol problems at the community level, these highly integrated research activities will be supported by large-scale archival and telephone survey data acquisition systems collecting coordinated data across 50 cities in California.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Comprehensive Center (P60)
Project #
5P60AA006282-30
Application #
8197936
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-BB (11))
Program Officer
Hilton, Michael E
Project Start
1983-09-29
Project End
2012-11-30
Budget Start
2011-12-01
Budget End
2012-11-30
Support Year
30
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,468,386
Indirect Cost
$505,954
Name
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Department
Type
DUNS #
021883350
City
Beltsville
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
20705
Morrison, Christopher; Ponicki, William R; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2016) Spatial relationships between alcohol-related road crashes and retail alcohol availability. Drug Alcohol Depend 162:241-4
Gruenewald, Paul J; Wang-Schweig, Meme; Mair, Christina (2016) Sources of Misspecification Bias in Assessments of Risks Related to Alcohol Use. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:802-10
Wolf, Jennifer Price; Ponicki, William R; Kepple, Nancy J et al. (2016) Are community level prescription opioid overdoses associated with child harm? A spatial analysis of California zip codes, 2001-2011. Drug Alcohol Depend 166:202-8
Bersamin, Melina; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Mair, Christina et al. (2016) Identifying Strategies to Limit Youth Drinking in the Home. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:943-949
Gruenewald, Paul J (2016) Commentary on: The Impact of the Minimum Legal Drinking Age on Alcohol-Related Chronic Disease Mortality. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 40:1822-4
Morrison, Christopher; Lee, Juliet P; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2016) The Reliability of Naturalistic Observations of Social, Physical and Economic Environments of Bars. Addict Res Theory 24:330-340
Freisthler, Bridget; Wolf, Jennifer Price (2016) Testing a Social Mechanism: Does Alcohol Outlet Density Moderate the Relationship Between Levels of Alcohol Use and Child Physical Abuse? Violence Vict :
Freisthler, Bridget; Thomas, Crystal A; Curry, Susanna R et al. (2016) An Alternative to Residential Neighborhoods: An Exploratory Study of how Activity Spaces and Perception of Neighborhood Social Processes relate to Maladaptive Parenting. Child Youth Care Forum 45:259-277
Morrison, Christopher; Smith, Karen; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2016) Relating off-premises alcohol outlet density to intentional and unintentional injuries. Addiction 111:56-64
Freisthler, Bridget; Ponicki, William R; Gaidus, Andrew et al. (2016) A micro-temporal geospatial analysis of medical marijuana dispensaries and crime in Long Beach, California. Addiction 111:1027-35

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