(Provided by the applicant): The Prevention Research Center (PRC) is one of 18 national alcohol research centers sponsored by NIAAA and the only one specializing in community prevention. The primary objective of PRC is to conduct basic and applied research leading to the development of effective prevention programs to reduce alcohol abuse and related problems. Research at the Center focuses on (1) developing a better understanding of the psychosocial, economic and ecological determinants of individual problem behaviors related to alcohol and (2) designing, implementing and evaluating effective prevention polices and programs. The Center consists of a Core administrative and technical component, 4 research components, and 1 educational component. Component 1 - "Administrative Core" - provides administrative and technical support for the center components and other individual research grants, and includes a portion of the time of the Principal Investigator/Scientific Director, GIS Specialist, Computer Systems Administrator, Librarian, and Administrative Associate. The Principal Investigator oversees management of the Center and (via the core) insures overall scientific integrity of all research conducted at PRC. Component 2 - "The Social Ecology of Drinking and Driving: A Two Population Model" studies the social mechanisms relating drinking contexts to drunken driving. Component 3 - "Neighborhoods, Alcohol Outlets and Intimate Partner Violence" examines how alcohol outlets and neighborhood factors moderate violence among couples. Component 4 - "Social Mechanisms of Child Physical Abuse and Neglect" considers how parents'use of drinking places affects rates of child abuse and neglect. Component 5 - "Local Alcohol Policies, Enforcement, and Underage Drinking" examines how community variations in alcohol policies and enforcement affect underage drinking trajectories. Component 6 - Dissemination and Adoption of Science-Based Prevention" disseminates the results of the Center's research activities to support the adoption of science-based prevention at all intervention levels with emphasis in the current application upon community-specific activities. Emphasizing the development of new ecological approaches to the prevention of alcohol problems at the community level, these highly integrated research activities will be supported by large-scale archival and telephone survey data acquisition systems collecting coordinated data across 50 cities in California.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Comprehensive Center (P60)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-BB (11))
Program Officer
Hilton, Michael E
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Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
United States
Zip Code
Morrison, Christopher (2015) Exposure to alcohol outlets in rural towns. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 39:73-8
Friese, Bettina; Grube, Joel W (2014) Teen parties: who has parties, what predicts whether there is alcohol and who supplies the alcohol? J Prim Prev 35:391-6
Paschall, Mallie J; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Grube, Joel W et al. (2014) Relationships between social host laws and underage drinking: findings from a study of 50 California cities. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 75:901-7
Paschall, Mallie J; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Grube, Joel W (2014) Effects of the local alcohol environment on adolescents' drinking behaviors and beliefs. Addiction 109:407-16
Kepple, Nancy J; Freisthler, Bridget; Johnson-Motoyama, Michelle (2014) Bias in child maltreatment self-reports using interactive voice response (IVR). Child Abuse Negl 38:1694-705
Treno, Andrew J; Marzell, Miesha; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2014) A review of alcohol and other drug control policy research. J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 75 Suppl 17:98-107
Freisthler, Bridget; Johnson-Motoyama, Michelle; Kepple, Nancy J (2014) Inadequate child supervision: The role of alcohol outlet density, parent drinking behaviors, and social support. Child Youth Serv Rev 43:75-84
Freisthler, Bridget; Gruenewald, Paul J (2014) Examining the relationship between the physical availability of medical marijuana and marijuana use across fifty California cities. Drug Alcohol Depend 143:244-50
Freisthler, Bridget; Holmes, Megan R; Wolf, Jennifer Price (2014) The dark side of social support: understanding the role of social support, drinking behaviors and alcohol outlets for child physical abuse. Child Abuse Negl 38:1106-19
Gruenewald, Paul J; Remer, Lillian G; LaScala, Elizabeth A (2014) Testing a social ecological model of alcohol use: the California 50-city study. Addiction 109:736-45

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