In the proposed studies, new 211At-labeled reagents will be developed for application to therapy of metastatic prostate cancer. The new reagents will target the prostate specific membrane antigens (PSMA) or gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRP-R) on human prostate cancer cells. The studies will evaluate the in vitro binding and internalization of the new agents in C4-2 and PC-3 human prostate cancer cells. The studies will also evaluate tumor localization, pharmacokinetics and tissue distributions in SCID mice bearing C4-2 human prostate cancer xenografts, and evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the best candidates in a """"""""quasi""""""""-metastatic bone metastases model in SCID mice. Targeting of the prostate cancer cells will be achieved by using an anti-PSMA antibody Fab4, the GRP-R-binding peptide bombesin, or a high binding affinity inhibitor of the enzymatic activity of PSMA. Because all three of these agents suffer from localization in kidney, protein-based conjugates will be prepared that have physical sizes and charges that exclude them from that organ.
In specific aim 1 (SA 1), the antibody Fab4 fragment will be conjugated with four molecules of differing size and charge that contain the decaborate(2-) and branched-chain discrete-sized polyethyleneglycol (dPEG) moieties.
In specific aim 2, bombesin or a PSMA inhibitor will be combined with decaborate(2-) in a trifunctional reagent. Those trifunctional molecules will be conjugated with recombinant streptavidin (rSAv) and that conjugate will be succinylated to demonstrate cancer targeting in that model system.
In specific aim 3, the same molecules used in SA1 and SA2 will be conjugated with recombinant human serum albumin (rHSA) to provide 211At-labeled reagents that will be excluded from kidney, but will also have low immunogenicity.
In specific aim 4, the three 211At-labeled reagents from SA1-3 that have the most favorable properties will be evaluated for efficacy and toxicity in a SCID mouse model for prostate cancer metastatic to bone. From the research effort one or two new 211At-containing reagents will be identified as having promise for more extensive evaluation in treatment of metastatic prostate cancer.
The goal of the proposed research is to develop reagents to effectively target the highly cytotoxic alpha-emitting radionuclide astatine-211 to metastatic prostate cancer cells in the body to kill those cells. The five-year survival rates of prostate cancer are about 100% if it is localized, but is only ~32% if distant metastases are present. The proposed research will develop new and unique At-211-labeled reagents that have the potential to dramatically improve the five-year survival of prostate cancer patients with metastatic disease.
|Wilbur, D Scott; Chyan, Ming-Kuan; Nakamae, Hirohisa et al. (2012) Reagents for astatination of biomolecules. 6. An intact antibody conjugated with a maleimido-closo-decaborate(2-) reagent via sulfhydryl groups had considerably higher kidney concentrations than the same antibody conjugated with an isothiocyanato-closo-de Bioconjug Chem 23:409-20|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Chyan, Ming-Kuan; Hamlin, Donald K et al. (2011) Reagents for astatination of biomolecules. 5. Evaluation of hydrazone linkers in (211)At- and (125)I-labeled closo-decaborate(2-) conjugates of Fab' as a means of decreasing kidney retention. Bioconjug Chem 22:1089-102|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Chyan, Ming-Kuan; Hamlin, Donald K et al. (2010) Preparation and in vivo evaluation of radioiodinated closo-decaborate(2-) derivatives to identify structural components that provide low retention in tissues. Nucl Med Biol 37:167-78|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Park, Steven I; Chyan, Ming-Kuan et al. (2010) Design and synthesis of bis-biotin-containing reagents for applications utilizing monoclonal antibody-based pretargeting systems with streptavidin mutants. Bioconjug Chem 21:1225-38|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Chyan, Ming-Kuan; Hamlin, Donald K et al. (2009) Reagents for astatination of biomolecules. 3. Comparison of closo-decaborate(2-) and closo-dodecaborate(2-) moieties as reactive groups for labeling with astatine-211. Bioconjug Chem 20:591-602|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Thakar, Monica S; Hamlin, Donald K et al. (2009) Reagents for astatination of biomolecules. 4. Comparison of maleimido-closo-decaborate(2-) and meta-[(211)At]astatobenzoate conjugates for labeling anti-CD45 antibodies with [(211)At]astatine. Bioconjug Chem 20:1983-91|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Hamlin, Donald K; Chyan, Ming-Kuan et al. (2008) Streptavidin in antibody pretargeting. 5. chemical modification of recombinant streptavidin for labeling with the alpha-particle-emitting radionuclides 213Bi and 211At. Bioconjug Chem 19:158-70|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Chyan, Ming-Kuan; Hamlin, Donald K et al. (2007) Reagents for astatination of biomolecules. 2. Conjugation of anionic boron cage pendant groups to a protein provides a method for direct labeling that is stable to in vivo deastatination. Bioconjug Chem 18:1226-40|
|Hartman, Keith B; Hamlin, Donald K; Wilbur, D Scott et al. (2007) 211AtCl@US-tube nanocapsules: a new concept in radiotherapeutic-agent design. Small 3:1496-9|
|Wilbur, D Scott; Hamlin, Donald K; Chyan, Ming-Kuan (2006) Biotin reagents for antibody pretargeting. 7. Investigation of chemically inert biotinidase blocking functionalities for synthetic utility. Bioconjug Chem 17:1514-22|