Aphasia Bank is a shared database of multimedia interactions for the study of communication in aphasia. The goal of this work is the improvement of patient- oriented treatment of aphasia. To reach that goal, we must solidify the empirical database supporting our understanding of communication in aphasia. Our seven specific aims are: 1. Core Protocol database development. We will continue to expand the core database to include additional participants, languages, bilingual types, and clinical types. 2. Additional database development. We will develop additional standards for creating databases that can include test data, imaging data, and data from participants with severe aphasia. 3. Automatic analysis. We will construct tools for automatic computation of scales sensitive to clinical diagnosis and the measurement of recovery processes. 4. Dissemination. We will disseminate the data, tools, and methods through personal contact, workshops, manuals, journal publications, and downloads over the Internet. We will construct materials for training and teaching. We will place particular emphasis on dissemination of these tools to institutions serving minority populations. 5. Cross-project linkage. We will link the English Aphasia Bank database to emerging databases in the Dementia Bank, TBI Bank, Fluency Bank, and AAC Bank projects. 6. Syndrome classification. Using these new measures and the growing database, we will work with consortium members to develop new approaches to syndrome-based patient classification and diagnosis. 7. Qualitative Analysis. We will develop methods for examining how people with aphasia achieve communication through gesture, scaffolding, and augmentative communication devices.

Public Health Relevance

At a given time, there are approximately 1.2 million people with aphasia in the United States. The annual cost of treatment is roughly $10 billion. The overarching goal of NIH patient-oriented work on aphasia is to develop treatments that can help patients improve their communicative use of language. The goal of Aphasia Bank is the development of standardized evaluation methods to guide the development and evaluation of effective methods for improving language usage in people with aphasia.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DC008524-08
Application #
8663582
Study Section
Language and Communication Study Section (LCOM)
Program Officer
Cooper, Judith
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
8
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Carnegie-Mellon University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
City
Pittsburgh
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
15213
Arbib, Michael A; Bonaiuto, James J; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina et al. (2014) Action and language mechanisms in the brain: data, models and neuroinformatics. Neuroinformatics 12:209-25