Aphasia Bank is a shared database of multimedia interactions for the study of communication in aphasia. The goal of this work is the improvement of patient- oriented treatment of aphasia. To reach that goal, we must solidify the empirical database supporting our understanding of communication in aphasia. Our seven specific aims are: 1. Core Protocol database development. We will continue to expand the core database to include additional participants, languages, bilingual types, and clinical types. 2. Additional database development. We will develop additional standards for creating databases that can include test data, imaging data, and data from participants with severe aphasia. 3. Automatic analysis. We will construct tools for automatic computation of scales sensitive to clinical diagnosis and the measurement of recovery processes. 4. Dissemination. We will disseminate the data, tools, and methods through personal contact, workshops, manuals, journal publications, and downloads over the Internet. We will construct materials for training and teaching. We will place particular emphasis on dissemination of these tools to institutions serving minority populations. 5. Cross-project linkage. We will link the English Aphasia Bank database to emerging databases in the Dementia Bank, TBI Bank, Fluency Bank, and AAC Bank projects. 6. Syndrome classification. Using these new measures and the growing database, we will work with consortium members to develop new approaches to syndrome-based patient classification and diagnosis. 7. Qualitative Analysis. We will develop methods for examining how people with aphasia achieve communication through gesture, scaffolding, and augmentative communication devices.

Public Health Relevance

At a given time, there are approximately 1.2 million people with aphasia in the United States. The annual cost of treatment is roughly $10 billion. The overarching goal of NIH patient-oriented work on aphasia is to develop treatments that can help patients improve their communicative use of language. The goal of Aphasia Bank is the development of standardized evaluation methods to guide the development and evaluation of effective methods for improving language usage in people with aphasia.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DC008524-08
Application #
8663582
Study Section
Language and Communication Study Section (LCOM)
Program Officer
Cooper, Judith
Project Start
2007-05-01
Project End
2017-05-31
Budget Start
2014-06-01
Budget End
2015-05-31
Support Year
8
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Carnegie-Mellon University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
City
Pittsburgh
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
15213
MacWhinney, Brian; Fromm, Davida (2016) AphasiaBank as BigData. Semin Speech Lang 37:10-22
Fraser, Kathleen C; Meltzer, Jed A; Rudzicz, Frank (2015) Linguistic Features Identify Alzheimer's Disease in Narrative Speech. J Alzheimers Dis 49:407-22
MacWhinney, Brian (2014) Challenges facing COS development for aphasia. Aphasiology 28:1393-1395
Arbib, Michael A; Bonaiuto, James J; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina et al. (2014) Action and language mechanisms in the brain: data, models and neuroinformatics. Neuroinformatics 12:209-25
Andreu, Llorenç; Sanz-Torrent, Mònica; Olmos, Joan Guàrdia et al. (2013) The formulation of argument structure in SLI: an eye-movement study. Clin Linguist Phon 27:111-33
Forbes, Margaret M; Fromm, Davida; Macwhinney, Brian (2012) AphasiaBank: a resource for clinicians. Semin Speech Lang 33:217-22
Macwhinney, Brian; Fromm, Davida; Forbes, Margaret et al. (2011) AphasiaBank: Methods for Studying Discourse. Aphasiology 25:1286-1307
Fromm, Davida; Holland, Audrey; Armstrong, Elizabeth et al. (2011) ""Better But No Cigar"": Persons with Aphasia Speak about their Speech. Aphasiology 25:1431-1447
Andreu, Llorenç; Sanz-Torrent, Monica; Guàrdia Olmos, Joan et al. (2011) Narrative comprehension and production in children with SLI: an eye movement study. Clin Linguist Phon 25:767-83
Sagae, Kenji; Davis, Eric; Lavie, Alon et al. (2010) Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts. J Child Lang 37:705-29

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