The long-term goal of this competing renewal application is to elucidate the molecular basis underlying cell- extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion and regulation, and the mechanism whereby they control cell behavior, tissue integrity, growth and regeneration. Recent studies by the applicant and others have demonstrated a critical role of kindlin-2 (also known as Mig-2), a widely expressed membrane-cytoskeleton junctional protein, in integrin activation and cell-ECM adhesion. How kindlin-2 regulates these processes, however, is not known. Based on findings obtained during previous project periods, the applicant hypothesizes that kindlin-2 regulates these processes through interacting with membrane lipids and protein components of cell-ECM adhesions. To test this hypothesis, he proposes studies with the following three aims.
Aim 1 is to characterize the interaction of kindlin-2 with membrane lipids and assess its role in regulation of integrins and integrin-dependent processes. To this end, he will employ genetic, pharmacological and dominant negative inhibition strategies to ablate this interaction, and determine the consequences.
Aim 2 is to determine the functions of kindlin-2 interactions with focal adhesion proteins in regulation of cell-ECM adhesion. He will define the sites mediating the interactions and use a "knock-in" strategy to replace wild type kindlin-2 with mutants lacking specific protein-binding activity and determine the consequences.
Aim 3 is to investigate the functions of kindlin-2 and its interplay with ILK in liver structure, growth and regeneration, which are known to be regulated by ECM adhesion and ILK signaling. He will generate hepatocyte-specific kindlin-2 knockout and "knock-in" mice, in which wild type kindlin-2 is substituted with kindlin-2 mutants lacking specific binding activities, and determine contributions of kindlin-2 and its interactions to regulation of hepatocyte behavior, liver structure, growth and regeneration. These studies will fill important gaps in our understanding of the mechanism whereby cell-ECM adhesion and ECM-dependent tissue processes are regulated. Given the importance of cell-ECM adhesion in human diseases, these studies may also lead to novel approaches to control diseases associated with abnormal cell-ECM adhesion and signaling.
Alteration of cell-ECM adhesion is critically involved in the pathogenesis of human diseases including cancer. This project seeks to determine how a recently identified regulator of cell-ECM adhesion influences cell-ECM adhesion, tissue structure, growth and regeneration. These studies may lead to identification of novel therapeutic targets to control diseases associated with abnormal cell-ECM adhesion and growth.
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|Qu, Hong; Tu, Yizeng; Guan, Jun-Lin et al. (2014) Kindlin-2 tyrosine phosphorylation and interaction with Src serve as a regulatable switch in the integrin outside-in signaling circuit. J Biol Chem 289:31001-13|
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|Gkretsi, Vasiliki; Papanikolaou, Vassilis; Dubos, Stephanie et al. (2013) Migfilin's elimination from osteoarthritic chondrocytes further promotes the osteoarthritic phenotype via ?-catenin upregulation. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 430:494-9|
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|Liu, Jianmin; Fukuda, Koichi; Xu, Zhen et al. (2011) Structural basis of phosphoinositide binding to kindlin-2 protein pleckstrin homology domain in regulating integrin activation. J Biol Chem 286:43334-42|
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|Shao, Hanshuang; Wu, Chuanyue; Wells, Alan (2010) Phosphorylation of alpha-actinin 4 upon epidermal growth factor exposure regulates its interaction with actin. J Biol Chem 285:2591-600|
|Yang, Yanwu; Wang, Xiaoxia; Hawkins, Cheryl A et al. (2009) Structural basis of focal adhesion localization of LIM-only adaptor PINCH by integrin-linked kinase. J Biol Chem 284:5836-44|
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