Modern drug discovery mandates the rapid and modular assembly of increasingly complex substances. Medicinally relevant molecules overwhelmingly bear nitrogen functionality with 910 of 1086 FDA small molecule drugs contain at least one N-atom. Of the Top 200 drugs by retail sales (2012), 73% are small- molecule based. Of these, 67% bear an aliphatic amine defined as having nitrogen not part of a heterocycle or aniline system. Functionalizing simple amine based precursors directly at C-H bonds is a significant problem. This proposal describes several strategies aimed at addressing this problem relying o complementary strategies to achieve the goal. The resultant products will facilitate the pace of drug discovery, with the common motifs visible in biologically active agents ranging from antibiotics, antidepressants among many others. The specific goals of this research are as follows: 1) Develop a unified protocol for ? functionalization of amines by 1,5 hydrogen atom transfer; 2) Exploit different directing groups on nitrogen to achieve complementary site selectivity; 3) Expand radical couples by merging cobalt and photoredox catalysis. The long-term impact of this science is to enable chemists to rapidly assemble complex structures with high efficiency.

Public Health Relevance

One of the most significant barriers to health-related research involving small molecules is the rapid assembly of therapeutic agents. This proposal seeks to develop new methods to synthesize complex frameworks using easily accessible precursors with high efficiency.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01GM125206-03
Application #
9668168
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1)
Program Officer
Lees, Robert G
Project Start
2017-07-01
Project End
2021-03-31
Budget Start
2019-04-01
Budget End
2020-03-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2019
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Chemistry
Type
Graduate Schools
DUNS #
049179401
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10027
Ye, Juntao; Kalvet, Indrek; Schoenebeck, Franziska et al. (2018) Direct ?-alkylation of primary aliphatic amines enabled by CO2 and electrostatics. Nat Chem 10:1037-1041
Chen, Dian-Feng; Chu, John C K; Rovis, Tomislav (2017) Directed ?-C(sp3)-H Alkylation of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives through Visible Light Photoredox Catalysis. J Am Chem Soc 139:14897-14900