At least 60% of children treated for medulloblastoma with contemporary multimodality therapy (i.e., surgica resection, radiation therapy, and high-dose chemotherapy) will live more than 5 years after initial diagnosis Unfortunately, the majority of these survivors ultimately experience IQ loss, learning difficulties, an academic failure. The long-term goal of our research is to identify neural substrates of cognitive deficit among long-term survivors of childhood cancer. The focus of this application is deficits in reading ability The study is designed to test the hypothesis that behavioral deficits in reading decoding amon medulloblastoma survivors reflect therapy-induced disruption of ventral visual processing during th development of reading skills. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imagin (DTI) will be used in a longitudinal study to compare neural systems for orthographic processing in patient and age-similar controls. The neuroimaging data (fMRI and DTI) will be analyzed in relation to behaviora performance on a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests This research will generate important insights into the fundamental causes of cognitive deficits associate with medulloblastoma therapy, identify potential targets for pharmacological and behavioral interventions t improve cognitive function in survivors who have already been treated, and discover opportunities to reduc the negative impact of medulloblastoma therapy on patients treated in the future. Furthermore, th medulloblastoma survivors will serve as a model population with acquired dyslexia related to well-define therapeutic insult. The longitudinal behavioral and imaging studies in patients and healthy controls may yiel new insights into the role of the ventral visual system in development of normal and abnormal reading abilit in otherwise healthy children.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HD049888-05
Application #
7762849
Study Section
Language and Communication Study Section (LCOM)
Program Officer
Miller, Brett
Project Start
2006-04-15
Project End
2012-01-31
Budget Start
2010-02-01
Budget End
2012-01-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$406,783
Indirect Cost
Name
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Department
Type
DUNS #
067717892
City
Memphis
State
TN
Country
United States
Zip Code
38105
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