Mental Health, Child Maltreatment and Adaptive Behavior Outcomes Exposure to maltreatment is a pervasive major life event and a tremendous mental health risk for children. For maltreated children placed in foster care, the risk for pathology is especially significant and understanding the pathways to positive outcomes for the foster-care population is crucial. Using a transactional model of stress and coping, wherein the mutual relationships among key personal and environmental variables operate to predict outcomes, this project addresses how children exposed to maltreatment and foster care display positive adjustment.
The aims for the study are to (a) longitudinally examine the roles of resources, context, and appraisal of major life events in predicting adaptive behavior of children exposed to maltreatment living in foster care, and (b) determine the relative importance of appraisal on coping style for producing adaptive behavior. The results of this project will inform the literature on stress and coping by testing a theoretical model of the relations in a sample of children in foster care. This research will clarify our basic-science need to understand the relation between experiencing maltreatment, living in foster care, and mental health outcomes and our intervention-minded awareness of possible mechanisms for resilience and positive adjustment.

Public Health Relevance

The study tests how resilience develops in children exposed to maltreatment.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01MH079252-05
Application #
8432466
Study Section
Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section (SPIP)
Program Officer
Garriock, Holly A
Project Start
2009-08-01
Project End
2015-02-28
Budget Start
2013-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$333,801
Indirect Cost
$96,201
Name
University of Kansas Lawrence
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
076248616
City
Lawrence
State
KS
Country
United States
Zip Code
66045
Jackson, Yo; Gabrielli, Joy; Fleming, Kandace et al. (2014) Untangling the relative contribution of maltreatment severity and frequency to type of behavioral outcome in foster youth. Child Abuse Negl 38:1147-59
Hambrick, Erin P; Tunno, Angela M; Gabrielli, Joy et al. (2014) Using Multiple Informants to Assess Child Maltreatment: Concordance Between Case File and Youth Self-Report. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma 23:751-771
Geldhof, G John; Little, Todd D (2011) Influences of children's and adolescents' action-control processes on school achievement, peer relationships, and coping with challenging life events. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev 2011:45-59