Mental Health, Child Maltreatment and Adaptive Behavior Outcomes Exposure to maltreatment is a pervasive major life event and a tremendous mental health risk for children. For maltreated children placed in foster care, the risk for pathology is especially significant and understanding the pathways to positive outcomes for the foster-care population is crucial. Using a transactional model of stress and coping, wherein the mutual relationships among key personal and environmental variables operate to predict outcomes, this project addresses how children exposed to maltreatment and foster care display positive adjustment.
The aims for the study are to (a) longitudinally examine the roles of resources, context, and appraisal of major life events in predicting adaptive behavior of children exposed to maltreatment living in foster care, and (b) determine the relative importance of appraisal on coping style for producing adaptive behavior. The results of this project will inform the literature on stress and coping by testing a theoretical model of the relations in a sample of children in foster care. This research will clarify our basic-science need to understand the relation between experiencing maltreatment, living in foster care, and mental health outcomes and our intervention-minded awareness of possible mechanisms for resilience and positive adjustment.

Public Health Relevance

The study tests how resilience develops in children exposed to maltreatment.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section (SPIP)
Program Officer
Garriock, Holly A
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Kansas Lawrence
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
Gabrielli, Joy; Jackson, Yo; Huffhines, Lindsay et al. (2018) Maltreatment, Coping, and Substance Use in Youth in Foster Care: Examination of Moderation Models. Child Maltreat 23:175-185
Jackson, Yo; Huffhines, Lindsay; Stone, Katie J et al. (2017) Coping styles in youth exposed to maltreatment: Longitudinal patterns reported by youth in foster care. Child Abuse Negl 70:65-74
Gabrielli, Joy; Jackson, Yo; Tunno, Angela M et al. (2017) The blind men and the elephant: Identification of a latent maltreatment construct for youth in foster care. Child Abuse Negl 67:98-108
Huffhines, Lindsay; Tunno, Angela M; Cho, Bridget et al. (2016) Case file coding of child maltreatment: Methods, challenges, and innovations in a longitudinal project of youth in foster care. Child Youth Serv Rev 67:254-262
Jackson, Yo; Cushing, Christopher C; Gabrielli, Joy et al. (2016) Child Maltreatment, Trauma, and Physical Health Outcomes: The Role of Abuse Type and Placement Moves on Health Conditions and Service Use for Youth in Foster Care. J Pediatr Psychol 41:28-36
Gabrielli, Joy; Jackson, Yo; Brown, Shaquanna (2015) Measurement of Behavioral and Emotional Outcomes of Youth in Foster Care: Investigation of the Roles of Age and Placement Type. J Psychopathol Behav Assess 37:422-431
Gabrielli, Joy; Hambrick, Erin P; Tunno, Angela M et al. (2015) Longitudinal Assessment of Self-Harm Statements of Youth in Foster Care: Rates, Reporters, and Related Factors. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 46:893-902
Hambrick, Erin P; Tunno, Angela M; Gabrielli, Joy et al. (2014) Using Multiple Informants to Assess Child Maltreatment: Concordance Between Case File and Youth Self-Report. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma 23:751-771
Jackson, Yo; Gabrielli, Joy; Fleming, Kandace et al. (2014) Untangling the relative contribution of maltreatment severity and frequency to type of behavioral outcome in foster youth. Child Abuse Negl 38:1147-59
Jackson, Yo; Gabrielli, Joy; Tunno, Angela M et al. (2012) Strategies for Longitudinal Research with Youth in Foster Care: A Demonstration of Methods, Barriers, and Innovations. Child Youth Serv Rev 34:1208-1213

Showing the most recent 10 out of 11 publications