This application seeks continuation of funding for the Minority Populations Prevention Researcher Training (MPPRT) program. The MPPRT addresses the urgent needs for culturally-competent STI- prevention research in racial and ethnic minority communities by offering research education and mentoring for social and behavioral prevention scientists who have cultural expertise and are initiating innovative programs of research. This five-year project will provide educational, mentoring and technical assistance to facilitate the development and continuation of innovative STI/HIV-prevention research in racial and ethnic minority populations by expanding the currently successful program to: 1) Train MPPRT scientists in research methods (such as behavioral measurement, ethnography, GIS mapping, structural equation modeling, and social network analysis) to build scientists'capacity to conduct interdisciplinary STI/HIV-prevention research of structural and individual factors affecting STI/HIV-risk behavior in racial and ethnic minority populations;2) Provide funding for pilot research that will yield preliminary data for multi-year grant proposals;3) Provide education and mentoring in the writing and submission of multi- year grant proposals;and 4) Provide ongoing technical assistance and mentoring to MPPRT scientists to continue their programs of research to prevent STI/HIV in racial and ethnic minority populations.
Aims 1, 2, and 3 will be met through an intensive six-week summer program of seminars and one-on-one meetings to be held at the UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies as well as provision of funds to conduct a pilot research study. Beginning in the summer of 2009, two new scientists from U.S. universities and research institutions will be added to the program each summer in 2009, 2010, and 2011. These scientists will design pilot studies, which they will conduct during the following academic year, and return to CAPS for a second summer to analyze data from their pilot studies. In the third summer they will return to CAPS to write a larger grant proposal that will be submitted to a federal or non-federal agency.
Aim 4 will be met by providing former scientists continued access to individualized advice and support from MPPRT mentors, including peer review and consultation regarding scientific questions related to the scientist's research program. The guidance provided by these collaborative research experiences and opportunities for interdisciplinary networking will result in a substantial increase in high quality STI-prevention research by scientists studying minority populations in the U.S.

Public Health Relevance

Significance of the Proposed Program of Research Education Research to advance understanding of the development and progression of diseases and disabilities that contribute to minority health and other health disparities is a major goal of the National Institutes of Health's strategic research plan to reduce and ultimately eliminate health disparities. There are few areas that are more critical to improving the nation's health than understanding the disparities in sexually- transmitted infections (STIs) in minority populations. Innovative, evidence-based interventions that rely on well-researched and culturally-specific theories of human behavior are urgently needed to stem the rising tide of HIV/AIDS and other sexually- transmitted infections in minority populations. HIV/AIDS and other sexually-transmitted infections exert a disproportionate impact in adolescent and young adult populations. Racial and ethnic minority scientists are uniquely positioned to take a leadership role in addressing these issues and to make major contributions to STI-prevention and reproductive health research being conducted in minority communities most affected by these epidemics. The proposed education and mentoring program aims to address this research deficit through offering seed funding to promising social and behavioral prevention scientists to conduct pilot studies and a mentoring infrastructure to empower these scientists to successfully apply for and receive NIH, CDC and non-federal funding to conduct rigorous, multi-year research projects in the communities of color most affected by STI epidemics. The Minority Populations Prevention Researcher Training program meets these goals via an innovative, intensive six-week summer in-residence program of seminars, one-on-one consultations with mentors, and peer reviews, reinforced by pilot study funding and ongoing support from mentors during the academic year.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Education Projects (R25)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Pediatrics Subcommittee (CHHD)
Program Officer
Newcomer, Susan
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of California San Francisco
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
San Francisco
United States
Zip Code
Cano, Miguel Ángel; Schwartz, Seth J; Castillo, Linda G et al. (2016) Health risk behaviors and depressive symptoms among Hispanic adolescents: Examining acculturation discrepancies and family functioning. J Fam Psychol 30:254-65
Salas-Wright, Christopher P; Vaughn, Michael G; Schwartz, Seth J et al. (2016) An ""immigrant paradox"" for adolescent externalizing behavior? Evidence from a national sample. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 51:27-37
Linton, Sabriya L; Cooper, Hannah L F; Luo, Ruiyan et al. (2016) People and places: Relocating to neighborhoods with better economic and social conditions is associated with less risky drug/alcohol network characteristics among African American adults in Atlanta, GA. Drug Alcohol Depend 160:30-41
Patzer, Rachel E; Basu, Mohua; Larsen, Christian P et al. (2016) iChoose Kidney: A Clinical Decision Aid for Kidney Transplantation Versus Dialysis Treatment. Transplantation 100:630-9
Chin, John J; Neilands, Torsten B (2016) Chinese Immigrant Religious Institutions' Variability in Views on Preventing Sexual Transmission of HIV. Am J Public Health 106:110-8
Gamarel, Kristi E; Mereish, Ethan H; Manning, David et al. (2016) Minority Stress, Smoking Patterns, and Cessation Attempts: Findings From a Community-Sample of Transgender Women in the San Francisco Bay Area. Nicotine Tob Res 18:306-13
Cornelius, Judith B; Appiah, Josephine A (2016) Using mobile technology to promote safe sex and sexual health in adolescents: current practices and future recommendations. Adolesc Health Med Ther 7:43-57
Chen, Angela Chia-Chen; Neilands, Torsten B; Chan, Shu-Min et al. (2016) Contextual influence of Taiwanese adolescents' sexual attitudes and behavioral intent. Nurs Health Sci 18:355-61
Underhill, Kristen; Morrow, Kathleen M; Colleran, Christopher et al. (2016) Explaining the Efficacy of Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV Prevention: A Qualitative Study of Message Framing and Messaging Preferences Among US Men Who have Sex with Men. AIDS Behav 20:1514-26
Jennings, Larissa; Ssewamala, Fred M; Nabunya, Proscovia (2016) Effect of savings-led economic empowerment on HIV preventive practices among orphaned adolescents in rural Uganda: results from the Suubi-Maka randomized experiment. AIDS Care 28:273-82

Showing the most recent 10 out of 164 publications