This competing continuation application requests support for 6 postdoctoral fellows for primary training in aspects of alcohol research related to 4 major tracks: (i) genetic epidemiology;(ii) gene discovery, (iii) developmental psychopathology and longitudinal studies, and (iv) cognitive neuroscience (principally involving electrophysiology studies). In addition to specialization in a primary discipline, trainees will be encouraged to obtain a sufficient familiarity with other focus areas to facilitate fruitful cross-disciplinary collaborations in their research careers. The training program will ordinarily be of 3 years duration, reflecting the diverse backgrounds of our applicant pool (e.g. clinical psychology, social work, psychiatry, mathematics, other behavioral science). The training program emphasizes a research apprenticeship model, combining research under the mentorship of one or more experienced research mentors with more formal training through didactic courses and seminar programs;
and aims to help trainees make progress on their pathway to independence through high-impact first author publications, refinement of research ideas that will support a first grant submission as PI, and assistance in collection of feasibility data to support a first submission. Six of 10 who have completed fellowships have successful NIH applications as PI;2 have applications in process;and 2 trained in an area (basic neuroscience) dropped in this competing application. Major strengths of the program are its affiliation with a flourishing Alcoholism Research Center, the availability of senior faculty with an extensive program of alcoholism research, representing expertise in many aspects of statistical, molecular and genetic epidemiologic research on alcoholism;the highly productive research environment;the availability of major genetic data-bases offering many opportunities for innovative analyses and high-impact publications;access to ongoing projects that offer many opportunities for trainees to obtain expertise in clinical research;the program's location in one of the nation's leading medical schools, allowing trainees to take advantage of a rich array of didactic courses and seminars and research experiences;and the long tradition of successful mentoring and research training of scientists and clinician scientists from diverse intellectual backgrounds.
Parent-to-child transmission of alcoholism often is characterized by genetic inheritance occurring in the context of high-risk environmental exposures associated with parental alcoholism. Trainees will learn to study this process through genetic including gene discovery-, longitudinal, and cognitive neuroscience approaches.
|Sadler, Brooke E; Grant, Julia D; Duncan, Alexis E et al. (2017) The Influence of Paternal Separation, Paternal History of Alcohol Use Disorder Risk, and Early Substance Use on Offspring Educational Attainment by Young Adulthood. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 78:426-434|
|Johnson, Daniel P; Rhee, Soo Hyun; Friedman, Naomi P et al. (2016) A Twin Study Examining Rumination as a Transdiagnostic Correlate of Psychopathology. Clin Psychol Sci 4:971-987|
|van den Berg, Stéphanie M; de Moor, Marleen H M; Verweij, Karin J H et al. (2016) Meta-analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies for Extraversion: Findings from the Genetics of Personality Consortium. Behav Genet 46:170-82|
|Munn-Chernoff, Melissa A; Baker, Jessica H (2016) A Primer on the Genetics of Comorbid Eating Disorders and Substance Use Disorders. Eur Eat Disord Rev 24:91-100|
|Heath, Andrew C; Lessov-Schlaggar, Christina N; Lian, Min et al. (2016) Research on Gene-Environment Interplay in the Era of ""Big Data"". J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:681-3|
|Munn-Chernoff, Melissa A; Grant, Julia D; Agrawal, Arpana et al. (2015) Are there common familial influences for major depressive disorder and an overeating-binge eating dimension in both European American and African American female twins? Int J Eat Disord 48:375-82|
|Munn-Chernoff, Melissa A; Grant, Julia D; Agrawal, Arpana et al. (2015) Genetic overlap between alcohol use disorder and bulimic behaviors in European American and African American women. Drug Alcohol Depend 153:335-40|
|Munn-Chernoff, Melissa A; Grant, Julia D; Bucholz, Kathleen K et al. (2015) Bulimic Behaviors and Early Substance Use: Findings from a Cotwin-Control Study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 39:1740-8|
|Duncan, Alexis E; Sartor, Carolyn E; Jonson-Reid, Melissa et al. (2015) Associations between body mass index, post-traumatic stress disorder, and child maltreatment in young women. Child Abuse Negl 45:154-62|
|Diemer, Elizabeth W; Grant, Julia D; Munn-Chernoff, Melissa A et al. (2015) Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, and Eating-Related Pathology in a National Sample of College Students. J Adolesc Health 57:144-9|
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