It is estimated that Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disability among children throughout the world. Furthering our understanding of the factors that potentially modify risk for FASD, continue to be critical gaps in research that could drive prevention and intervention strategies throughout the world. A longitudinal cohort sample has been established in Ukraine during the current funding period with detailed documentation of prenatal alcohol exposure, maternal nutritional status, and FASD outcomes. In this same sample a multimicronutrient supplement intervention trial has been implemented. During the renewal period, we propose to examine the persistence of and/or the novel manifestation of beneficial neurobehavioral effects of the prenatal multimicronutrient intervention trial, to examine the role of postnatal child nutrition in FASD, an to explore genetic and epigenetic factors as biomarkers of maternal exposure and risk modification among alcohol consuming pregnant women.

Public Health Relevance

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) are among the most common developmental disabilities throughout the world. Identification of effective methods for prevention and early intervention for FASD is critical. In a longitudinal study in Ukraine, earlier identification and prevention of FASD is being evaluated in four areas: a) the contribution of pre and postnatal nutritional factors to risk for FASD, b) development of a preschool neurobehavioral testing battery appropriate for early identification of affected children c) the utility of a novel and objective biomarker of exposure to alcohol, and d) exploration of genetic and epigenetic factors that may modify risk for FASD in mother/child pairs.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01AA014835-10
Application #
8527620
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-CC (02))
Program Officer
Dunty, Jr, William
Project Start
2003-09-30
Project End
2017-05-31
Budget Start
2013-06-01
Budget End
2014-05-31
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$707,993
Indirect Cost
$86,333
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Pediatrics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
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Uriu-Adams, Janet Y; Obican, Sarah G; Keen, Carl L (2013) Vitamin D and maternal and child health: overview and implications for dietary requirements. Birth Defects Res C Embryo Today 99:24-44
Bakhireva, Ludmila N; Wilsnack, Sharon C; Kristjanson, Arlinda et al. (2011) Paternal drinking, intimate relationship quality, and alcohol consumption in pregnant Ukrainian women. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 72:536-44
Keen, Carl L; Uriu-Adams, Janet Y; Skalny, Anatoly et al. (2010) The plausibility of maternal nutritional status being a contributing factor to the risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: the potential influence of zinc status as an example. Biofactors 36:125-35
Chambers, Christina D; Kavteladze, Lela; Joutchenko, Loudmila et al. (2006) Alcohol consumption patterns among pregnant women in the Moscow region of the Russian Federation. Alcohol 38:133-7