The University of Pittsburgh seeks to join the PETAL network, with Penn State University Hershey Medical Center as our satellite partner. Our goal is to participate fully in the PETAL network as a Clinical Center, with the shared mission of achieving better understanding, treatment, and outcomes for those with or at risk for acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We have assembled a team of senior thought leaders and talented investigators with expertise in basic, translational, clinical and outcomes research relevant to ALI/ARDS. We detail the qualifications of our dual PIs, presenting evidence for their ability to work as a pat of the network leadership in defining work, operational solutions needed, future opportunities, and creation of material to share the scientific results for PETAL research efforts. We next note the features that allow our clinical center to successfully participate, including meeting enrollment needs and doing so in key and early care sites. Our clinical center proposes two interventional studies for PETAL evaluation and implementation: A trial of nebulized DNAase as an ARDS-prevention strategy;and trial of protocolized neuromuscular blockade as an ARDS early treatment strategy. We describe the scientific background, key features of each intervention, present our plans that include clinical outcome assessment and focused biomarker collection, and consider threats and contingencies where applicable. We also describe our research and clinical environments, IRB support, procedures to ensure appropriate human subjects protection, to obtain and manage all data and biospecimens with appropriate security, to comply with all training and regulatory requirements, and to maintain local structured oversight to ensure optimal participation within the network.

Public Health Relevance

Acute Lung Injury (ALI) and the Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) afflict thousands of Americans each year. These syndromes arise as a consequence of injury to the lungs secondary to a number of risk factors, such as septic shock or trauma. Despite advances in care, one in four still die, and those who survive often suffer lasting impairment. PETAL is a network of leading institutions focused on the conduct of clinical research in ALI/ARDS. The University of Pittsburgh and UPMC Health system have a long-standing interest and expertise in ALI/ARDS and are enthusiastic to participate as a clinical center in this consortium with the goal of testing and discovering improved preventive measures and treatment strategies for these deadly syndromes.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-S (F1))
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Harabin, Andrea L
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University of Pittsburgh
Emergency Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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