Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common primary brain tumor in adults, is associated with a dismal prognosis of only 12-15 months despite aggressive surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. The lack of effective treatment options has made this disease a target for new strategies such as gene therapy. However, the only major Phase III clinical trial of gene therapy, involving the use of conventional replication-defective retrovirus vectors in GBM patients, resulted in disappointingly low and therapeutically inadequate transduction levels on the order of only 0.02%. The inability of standard replication-defective retroviral vectors to achieve effective transduction of tumors in vivo is therefore a major obstacle to gene therapy for gliomas. The use of replication-competent vectors for gene transfer would be more efficient, as each tumor cell that is successfully transduced would itself become a virus- producing cell, sustaining further transduction events even after initial administration. We have previously demonstrated that direct intratumoral injection of murine leukemia virus (MLV)- based replication-competent retrovirus (RCR) vector preparations can achieve tremendously efficient suicide gene transfer in gliomas, with transduction stringently restricted to the actively dividing tumor cells without evidence of significant spread to extratumoral sites, and resulting in significantly prolonged survival upon prodrug administration, without detectable systemic side effects. Therefore, in collaboration with neurosurgery groups at UCLA, USC, and UCSF, and the National Gene Vector Biorepository (NGVB), here we propose to optimize and implement clinical grade RCR vector production and release testing (Aim 1), to re-validate these clinical grade vectors by confirmatory testing of therapeutic efficacy in at least 2 intracranial glioma models from different species per FDA stipulations, as well as re-validation of preclinical toxicology and follow-up monitoring assays as mandated by FDA guidelines (Aim 2), and to evaluate convection-enhanced delivery and non-invasive NMR imaging methodologies and develop clinical trial protocols (Aim 3). We propose to perform these necessary preclinical translational studies through this U01 mechanism, with the final goal of filing an IND and obtaining approval from the FDA to initiate clinical trials.

Public Health Relevance

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM;WHO Grade IV malignant glioma), is the most common form of malignant brain tumor in adults, accounting for 50-60% of primary brain tumors, and 7-10% of childhood intracranial neoplasms. Despite major improvements in neuroimaging, neurosurgery, radiotherapy, and supportive care, the overall prognosis for GBMs is still only 12-15 months, and current treatments only delay recurrence. Hence, there is an unmet need to develop effective new approaches against this devastating disease.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01NS059821-03
Application #
8322132
Study Section
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Initial Review Group (NSD)
Program Officer
Mcgavern, Linda
Project Start
2010-06-01
Project End
2014-05-31
Budget Start
2012-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$939,203
Indirect Cost
$125,217
Name
University of California Los Angeles
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
092530369
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90095