The overarching goals of the Outreach Program are twofold: 1) to provide core support to the U54 for training on community-based participatory research (CBPR), direct community outreach and education, and capacity building for implementation and sustainment of evidence-based cancer control programs, and;2) to conduct an outreach research project to reduce the burden of colorectal cancer among Puerto Ricans. This proposal describes both outreach core activities (under Aim 1) and the required outreach research project (Aim 2) as follows:
AIM 1 : Expand the existing CCCOP to provide core support to the U54 infrastructure, clinical research projects, and trainees with respect to direct community outreach, researcher and community capacity building, CBPR training, and participant recruitment and retention.
AIM 2 : Develop and evaluate the effectiveness, cost effusiveness, and budget impact of a tailored intervention to increase CRCS in PR among patients of FQHCs. Reducing morbidity and mortality associated with cancer in PR requires continuous efforts to address cancer-related behaviors and environmental conditions such as health care access. For example, although colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women and the third in men,^ and is largely preventable through screening and treatment of precancerous polyps, colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) is significantly underutilized in PR among age-eligible patients compared to their U.S. counterparts. The proposed Outreach Program represents a continuation and extension of the Puerto Rico Cancer Control Community Outreach Program (CCCOP) which began as a pilot project in 2006 and expanded to a full U54 Outreach Core in the current funding cycle. The CCCOP will use existing community partnerships, infrastructure, data, and programs to 1) provide training on community-based participatory research (CBPR) to researcher, trainees and community partners, 2) conduct direct community outreach and education, 3) build capacity for implementation and sustainment of evidence-based cancer control programs in communities and primary care settings, 4) leverage existing data, partnerships and progress to expand research and intervention activities in the identified priority areas, and;5) conduct an outreach research project to reduce the burden of colorectal cancer among Puerto Ricans. Through collaboration with community partners, the U54 Outreach Core will continue to identify innovative outreach strategies to reach the most vulnerable and underserved populations. These strategies include the use of community health educators, interactive and mobile technologies, and collaboration with Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs). We will provide training and technical assistance to community partners, trainees and researchers on issues such as identifying cancer control needs, developing or adapting evidence based interventions, implementation, and evaluation. We will also focus on increasing community participation in clinical trials and biobanking in PR in order to promote effective prevention, diagnostic, and treatment methods for cancer The cancer burden in PR is well documented by the CCCOP, and there is a significant need for continued community outreach efforts and research to reduce it. The CCCOP is committed to continue work in multiple cancer control topics as part of its Outreach Core, and to strengthen these outreach activities by prioritizing research. As a result, interventions developed through outreach efforts and community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches can be rigorously evaluated, adopted, implemented and maintained to have the greatest possible impact on the health of Puerto Ricans.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54CA096297-12
Application #
8754456
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
12
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Puerto Rico Med Sciences
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
San Juan
State
PR
Country
United States
Zip Code
00936
Suárez, Erick; Soto-Salgado, Marievelisse; Moreno-Gorrín, Camille et al. (2014) Report of the 2013 University of Puerto Rico-MD Anderson Cancer Center Conference entitled "Research on cancer epidemiology: risk factors and control in the Caribbean basin". P R Health Sci J 33:34-6
Cruz-Correa, Marcia (2014) Personal perspective on mentoring. Gastroenterology 146:331-3
Colon-Lopez, Vivian; Ortiz, Ana P; Soto-Salgado, Marievelisse et al. (2014) Survival from anal cancer among Hispanics-Puerto Rico, 2000-2007. J Gastrointest Cancer 45:234-8
Ortiz, Ana Patricia; Ortiz-Ortiz, Karen J; Traverso-Ortiz, Maricarmen et al. (2014) Anal cancer trends in Puerto Rico from 1985 to 2005: the potential impact of the AIDS epidemic. AIDS Patient Care STDS 28:165-7
Cho, Min Soon; Vasquez, Hernan G; Rupaimoole, Rajesha et al. (2014) Autocrine effects of tumor-derived complement. Cell Rep 6:1085-95
Ballester, Veroushka; Cruz-Correa, Marcia (2014) Endoscopic surveillance of gastrointestinal premalignant lesions: current knowledge and future directions. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 30:477-83
Ortiz, Ana Patricia; Pérez-Irizarry, Javier; Soto-Salgado, Marievelisse et al. (2014) Human papillomavirus-related cancers among people living with AIDS in Puerto Rico. Prev Chronic Dis 11:E80
Lasalde, Clarivel; Rivera, Andrea V; Leon, Alfredo J et al. (2014) Identification and functional analysis of novel phosphorylation sites in the RNA surveillance protein Upf1. Nucleic Acids Res 42:1916-29
Fernández, María E; Le, Yen-Chi L; Fernández-Espada, Natalie et al. (2014) Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among Puerto Rican mothers and daughters, 2010: a qualitative study. Prev Chronic Dis 11:E212
Pradeep, Sunila; Kim, Seung W; Wu, Sherry Y et al. (2014) Hematogenous metastasis of ovarian cancer: rethinking mode of spread. Cancer Cell 26:77-91

Showing the most recent 10 out of 60 publications