Proposed is a new AIDS International Training Research Program (AITRP) to build sustainable research capacity on primary and secondary prevention of HIV, TB and STIs in the Mexico-US border region, which is experiencing a serious, emerging HIV epidemic. The primary institutional partners will be the two largest public universities in this region: the University of California San Diego (UCSD) and the Universidad Autonoma de Baja California (UABC), in Tijuana. We will also engage other academic partners on both sides of the border: the Graduate School of Public Health at San Diego State University (SDSU), El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (COLEF), Xochicaico University and the Institute Nacional de Salud Publica (INSP). Despite extensive binational collaborations, our existing training programs are restricted to U.S. citizens. Across the border region, there is a dearth of researchers who have formal public health training.
Our aims are: 1) To develop sustainable regional research capacity to support training in prevention of HIV, TB and STIs in the Mexico-US border region;2) To promote graduate education at UABC by supporting Masters and PhD level training in Public Health and a culture of mentoring developing scientists;3) To advance knowledge in the prevention of HIV, TB and STIs through binational mentored research projects that will support evidence- based translation of research into policy and practice. To meet these aims, we propose a coherent, multi- disciplinary program of education and training in degree and non-degree experiences, based both in San Diego and Tijuana, which are located less than one hour apart. The mainstay of the degree training will consist of MPH and PhD level training at UABC, with the opportunity for electives offered at UCSD and SDSU, and virtual lectures offered through UCSD, UABC, COLEF and INSP. Non-degree training will include short and long term training experiences offered in the U.S. and Mexico. Given rapid increases in HIV prevalence and incidence documented recently among high risk populations in the Mexico-US border region, our AITRP is poised to leverage existing research and training programs to increase the capacity of Mexican researchers to respond to an emerging HIV epidemic that could soon become generalized.

Public Health Relevance

Mexico is facing a serious HIV epidemic on its northern border with the U.S. While our team has gained a reputation as a national hub, offering training on HIV prevention, federal funding restrictions have prevented us from extending these educational opportunities to Mexican nationals who are not dual citizens. Unlike many AITRPs, our program focuses on an HIV epidemic that has a direct, tangible impact on the U.S.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Fogarty International Center (FIC)
Type
International Research Training Grants (D43)
Project #
1D43TW008633-01
Application #
7917829
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-ICP2-B (52))
Program Officer
Mcdermott, Jeanne
Project Start
2010-05-01
Project End
2015-04-30
Budget Start
2010-05-01
Budget End
2011-04-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$299,257
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Family Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
Melo, Jason S; Mittal, Maria Luisa; Horyniak, Danielle et al. (2018) Injection Drug Use Trajectories among Migrant Populations: A Narrative Review. Subst Use Misuse 53:1558-1570
Guise, Andy; Melo, Jason; Mittal, Maria Luisa et al. (2018) A fragmented code: The moral and structural context for providing assistance with injection drug use initiation in San Diego, USA. Int J Drug Policy 55:51-60
Morales, Mario; Rafful, Claudia; Gaines, Tommi L et al. (2018) Factors associated with extrajudicial arrest for syringe possession: results of a department-wide survey of municipal police in Tijuana, Mexico. BMC Int Health Hum Rights 18:36
Mittal, María Luisa; Bazzi, Angela Robertson; Rangel, María Gudelia et al. (2018) 'He's not my pimp': toward an understanding of intimate male partner involvement in female sex work at the Mexico-US border. Cult Health Sex 20:961-975
Rafful, Claudia; Orozco, Ricardo; Rangel, Gudelia et al. (2018) Increased non-fatal overdose risk associated with involuntary drug treatment in a longitudinal study with people who inject drugs. Addiction 113:1056-1063
Borquez, Annick; Beletsky, Leo; Nosyk, Bohdan et al. (2018) The effect of public health-oriented drug law reform on HIV incidence in people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: an epidemic modelling study. Lancet Public Health 3:e429-e437
Arredondo, J; Gaines, T; Manian, S et al. (2018) The law on the streets: Evaluating the impact of Mexico's drug decriminalization reform on drug possession arrests in Tijuana, Mexico. Int J Drug Policy 54:1-8
Mittal, Maria Luisa; Vashishtha, Devesh; Sun, Shelly et al. (2017) History of medication-assisted treatment and its association with initiating others into injection drug use in San Diego, CA. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 12:42
Syvertsen, Jennifer L; Bazzi, Angela Robertson; Mittal, María Luisa (2017) Hope Amidst Horror: Documenting the Effects of the ""War On Drugs"" Among Female Sex Workers and Their Intimate Partners in Tijuana, Mexico. Med Anthropol 36:566-583
Arredondo, J; Strathdee, S A; Cepeda, J et al. (2017) Measuring improvement in knowledge of drug policy reforms following a police education program in Tijuana, Mexico. Harm Reduct J 14:72

Showing the most recent 10 out of 56 publications