After decades of excessive growth in health care spending, few would disagree that U.S. healthcare must be reorganized to achieve the same or better patient outcomes at lower cost. As the key decision makers in healthcare, physicians are in large part responsible for growth in healthcare utilization through ordering of imaging, diagnostic tests, procedures, and hospital services. And yet, much remains to be learned about variation in physician practice patterns and the implications of those differences for the outcomes of their patients. More broadly, the body of research quantifying the variation in clinical and economic outcomes across individual physicians is sparse and a greater understanding of the various individual physician and institutional factors that may influence that variation is needed. By combining economic methods with carefully chosen clinical scenarios, I will build a long-term research agenda that seeks to broadly understand factors determining physician practice patterns;the implications of individual practice variations for patient outcomes;and the impact of selected institutional and environmental factors on clinical and economic outcomes of physicians. By linking together a unique set of databases (medical claims of Medicare beneficiaries;demographic and medical training information of the physicians caring for these patients;and malpractice claims of these physicians), the proposed research will comprehensively study the variation and determinants of physician spending, quality of care, and patient outcomes, i.e. the 'anatomy'of physician behavior. In addition to quantifying variation in clinical and economic outcomes across physicians, the proposed research will, for a carefully chosen set of physician activities, assess: (1) how spending, qualit of care, and outcomes relate to physician age, sex, medical training, and practice environment, (2) whether clinical outcomes for physicians that spend more on average are better than those that spend less, (3) how a physician's own malpractice history affects his/her subsequent quality of care, spending, and outcomes, (4) how changes in medical training environments (e.g. mandated reductions in weekly work hours of resident physicians) impact physicians later in their career, and (5) how physician practice patterns respond to the local economic environments in which they practice. The ultimate goal of this research is to provide health policy researchers, physicians, and policymakers the scientific basis for tangible physician-based policies to improve quality of care and reduce wasteful health care spending.
After decades of excessive growth in health care spending, few would disagree that U.S. healthcare must be reorganized to achieve the same or better patient outcomes at lower cost. As the key decision makers in healthcare, physicians are in large part responsible for growth in healthcare utilization and yet much remains to be learned about variation in physician practice patterns, the implications of those differences for patient outcomes, and various individual physician and institutional factors that influence variation. By combining economic methods with carefully chosen clinical scenarios, I will build a long-term research agenda which: (1) studies variation in spending, quality of care, and outcomes across physicians, (2) identifies how physician characteristics, organizational environments, medical education, and economic environments influence physician behavior, and (3) provides health policy researchers, physicians, and policymakers the scientific basis for tangible physician-based policies to improve quality of care and reduce wasteful health care spending.
|Layton, Timothy J; Barnett, Michael L; Hicks, Tanner R et al. (2018) Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder and Month of School Enrollment. N Engl J Med 379:2122-2130|
|Venkataramani, Atheendar S; Gandhavadi, Maheer; Jena, Anupam B (2018) Association Between Playing American Football in the National Football League and Long-term Mortality. JAMA 319:800-806|
|Tsugawa, Yusuke; Newhouse, Joseph P; Zaslavsky, Alan M et al. (2017) Physician age and outcomes in elderly patients in hospital in the US: observational study. BMJ 357:j1797|
|Jena, Anupam B; Mann, N Clay; Wedlund, Leia N et al. (2017) Delays in Emergency Care and Mortality during Major U.S. Marathons. N Engl J Med 376:1441-1450|
|Jena, Anupam B; Olenski, Andrew R; Molitor, David et al. (2017) Association between rainfall and diagnoses of joint or back pain: retrospective claims analysis. BMJ 359:j5326|
|Tsugawa, Yusuke; Jena, Anupam B; Figueroa, Jose F et al. (2017) Comparison of Hospital Mortality and Readmission Rates for Medicare Patients Treated by Male vs Female Physicians. JAMA Intern Med 177:206-213|
|Jena, Anupam B; Huang, Jie; Fireman, Bruce et al. (2017) Screening Mammography for Free: Impact of Eliminating Cost Sharing on Cancer Screening Rates. Health Serv Res 52:191-206|
|Blumenthal, Daniel M; Goldman, Dana P; Jena, Anupam B (2017) Outcomes-Based Pricing as a Tool to Ensure Access to Novel but Expensive Biopharmaceuticals. Ann Intern Med 166:219-220|
|Karaca-Mandic, Pinar; Jena, Anupam B; Ross, Joseph S (2017) Health and Health Care Use Among Individuals at Risk to Lose Health Insurance With Repeal of the Affordable Care Act. JAMA Intern Med 177:590-593|
|Schaffer, Adam C; Jena, Anupam B; Seabury, Seth A et al. (2017) Rates and Characteristics of Paid Malpractice Claims Among US Physicians by Specialty, 1992-2014. JAMA Intern Med 177:710-718|
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