Alcohol has been reliably shown to impair performance on a wide range of behaviors relevant for everyday activities. This impairment is especially pronounced in environments that require dividing attention across multiple stimuli. However, under certain circumstances, the presentation of multiple stimuli can actually facilitate performance. The redundant signal effect refers to the phenomenon by which individuals respond more quickly and accurately when information is presented as redundant, bimodal stimuli (e.g., visually and aurally), rather than as a single stimulus presented to either modalit alone. Moreover, recent research has shown that the presence of redundant stimuli can reduce alcohol's impairing effects on the ability to execute responses. What is not known, however, is whether the presence of redundant inhibitory signals might reduce alcohol's impairing effects on inhibitory control. Alcohol is well-known for its disinhibiting effects on behavior, and studies suggest that impaired inhibition might contribute to alcohol abuse by promoting excessive, binge drinking. Therefore, it is important to determine the degree to which redundant inhibitory signals reduce the effects of alcohol on inhibitory control. Moreover, it is also important to determine th degree to which these signals might improve inhibitory control in individuals at-risk for alcohol abuse, such as those characterized by chronic deficits in the ability to inhibit behavior, such as those with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The proposed research will examine the effects of redundant inhibitory signals on inhibitory control in individuals with ADHD and a comparison group of healthy adults. Moreover, the project will determine the degree to which redundant inhibitory signals reduce the disinhibiting effects of alcohol in these two groups. Given that everyday perception is multisensory, the present study provides a unique model of drinkers realworld environments by assessing alcohol's effects on inhibitory mechanisms of behavior in response to multisensory stimuli.
Alcohol is known for its disinhibiting effects on behavior, which is thought to contribute to excessive, binge drinking, and some clinical populations (i.e., individuals with ADHD) have been identified as being particularly sensitive to the disinhibiting effects of alcohol, increasing their risk for alcohol abuse. The present study will examine the degree to which redundant inhibitory signals (signals presented both visually and aurally) can reduce alcohol's impairing effects on the ability to inhibit behavior. The project will provide a novel, highly useful model to investigate how alcohol effects on inhibitory control might be altered in contexts that involve redundant inhibitory signals.
|Roberts, Walter; Miller, Melissa A; Weafer, Jessica et al. (2014) Heavy drinking and the role of inhibitory control of attention. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 22:133-40|
|Miller, Melissa A; Fillmore, Mark T (2014) Protracted impairment of impulse control under an acute dose of alcohol: a time-course analysis. Addict Behav 39:1589-96|
|Miller, Melissa A; Fillmore, Mark T (2014) Cognitive and behavioral preoccupation with alcohol in recidivist DUI offenders. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 75:1018-22|
|Miller, Melissa A; Fillmore, Mark T (2013) Can the use of multiple stop signals reduce the disinhibiting effects of alcohol? Alcohol Clin Exp Res 37:1947-53|
|Miller, Melissa A; Hays, Lon R; Fillmore, Mark T (2012) Lack of tolerance to the disinhibiting effects of alcohol in heavy drinkers. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 224:511-8|