This research will examine the potential unintended consequences of the recently enacted Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act on adult smokers'and intention to quit. Using newly-inserted items in the 3rd wave of a longitudinal cohort survey of adult smokers (N=4000;800 African American, 700 Hispanic), the purpose of this research proposal is to test the hypothesis that awareness of FDA legislation is linked to belief that government regulation of cigarettes will create a safer cigarette, thus decreasing smokers'intention to quit (primary outcome), motivation to quit (secondary outcome) and number of 24-hour quit attempts (secondary outcome). It will also examine the potential mediating/moderating effects of psychosocial characteristics on the relationship between """"""""awareness"""""""" and """"""""belief"""""""" and between """"""""belief"""""""" and intention to quit using multiple logistic regression and path analysis. This research will give policymakers and tobacco control researchers a first look as to how smokers interpret government regulation of tobacco products, and may inform the implementation other aspects of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. The proposed training program will support the applicant in the completion of her doctoral studies at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, focusing on the effects of policy and consumer perception on smoking behavior. Over the course of two years, Ms. Pearson will complete methods courses in survey development and advanced statistical methods, develop manuscripts with her sponsor and co-sponsor, and complete the proposed research, with the goal of becoming an independent tobacco control researcher.

Public Health Relevance

Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death and disability in the United States. With data from a large survey of current smokers, this research will investigate the impact of awareness of the FDA's new power to regulate tobacco products on smokers'belief that regulation will create a safer cigarette, thus reducing their motivation to quit. To reduce tobacco's toll on society, there is an urgent need to assess smokers'awareness of and reactions to the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act before the FDA implements the major components of the legislation.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Predoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F31)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-F16-G (20))
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Denisco, Richard A
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Johns Hopkins University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Public Health
United States
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Pearson, Jennifer L; Abrams, David B; Niaura, Raymond S et al. (2013) Public support for mandated nicotine reduction in cigarettes. Am J Public Health 103:562-7
Pearson, Jennifer L; Richardson, Amanda; Niaura, Raymond S et al. (2012) e-Cigarette awareness, use, and harm perceptions in US adults. Am J Public Health 102:1758-66
Pearson, Jennifer L; Abrams, David B; Niaura, Raymond S et al. (2012) A ban on menthol cigarettes: impact on public opinion and smokers' intention to quit. Am J Public Health 102:e107-14