People's perceptions of health risk form an important factor in many models of health behaviors, including those aiming to understand risk for HIV infection. At present, however, there is no recognized reliable and valid measure of perceived HIV risk, and a lack of research examining the roles of different aspects of risk perception.
The aim of the proposed study is to develop a reliable and valid measure of perceived risk for HIV infection that incorporates different dimensions of perceived risk. Item Response Theory (IRT) will be employed to develop the new measure, initially in sample of drug users. IRT allows item characteristics to be assessed and reliable items to be selected to form a sensitive and precise scale. IRT will also be used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the new measure in a second high-risk group of Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Men who have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW). Cross-sectional data will be used to assess the relationship between health-risk behaviors and HIV risk perception (construct validity). The development of a reliable and valid measure of perceived risk of HIV infection, that incorporates different aspects of risk perception could inform both theories and interventions aiming to understand HIV risk behaviors.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Postdoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F32)
Project #
5F32DA022902-03
Application #
7747935
Study Section
Human Development Research Subcommittee (NIDA)
Program Officer
Lambert, Elizabeth
Project Start
2007-12-03
Project End
2010-12-02
Budget Start
2009-12-03
Budget End
2010-12-02
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$58,310
Indirect Cost
Name
California State University Long Beach
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
006199129
City
Long Beach
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90840
Napper, Lucy E; Fisher, Dennis G; Jaffe, Adi et al. (2015) Psychometric Properties of the Child's Reaction to Traumatic Events Scale-Revised in English and Lugandan. J Child Fam Stud 34:1285-1294
Napper, Lucy E; Fisher, Dennis G; Reynolds, Grace L (2012) Development of the perceived risk of HIV scale. AIDS Behav 16:1075-83
Dickerson, Daniel L; Fisher, Dennis G; Reynolds, Grace L et al. (2012) Substance use patterns among high-risk American Indians/Alaska Natives in Los Angeles County. Am J Addict 21:445-52
Cervantes, Richard C; Fisher, Dennis G; Cordova, David et al. (2012) The Hispanic Stress Inventory--Adolescent Version: a culturally informed psychosocial assessment. Psychol Assess 24:187-96
Fisher, Dennis G; Reynolds, Grace L; Ware, Michael R et al. (2011) Methamphetamine and Viagra use: relationship to sexual risk behaviors. Arch Sex Behav 40:273-9
Storholm, Erik David; Fisher, Dennis G; Napper, Lucy E et al. (2011) Proposing a tentative cut point for the Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory. Arch Sex Behav 40:1301-8
Napper, Lucy E; Fisher, Dennis G; Reynolds, Grace L et al. (2010) HIV risk behavior self-report reliability at different recall periods. AIDS Behav 14:152-61
Fisher, Dennis G; Reynolds, Grace L; Napper, Lucy E (2010) Use of crystal methamphetamine, Viagra, and sexual behavior. Curr Opin Infect Dis 23:53-6
Napper, Lucy E; Fisher, Dennis G; Johnson, Mark E et al. (2010) The reliability and validity of drug users' self reports of amphetamine use among primarily heroin and cocaine users. Addict Behav 35:350-4
Marsh, Kimberly A; Reynolds, Grace L; Rogala, Bridget E et al. (2010) Who chooses a rapid test for HIV in Los Angeles County, California? Eval Health Prof 33:177-96

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