The objectives for this training period are to: 1) develop and apply experimental and computational skills to whole genome technologies to investigate asymmetric cell division, 2) identify and describe transcriptional programs utilizing high resolution, global expression data and new techniques, 3) gain an understanding of the biological function of transcriptional programs in the cells of plant ground tissue assisted by a novel high-throughput method. To accomplish these objectives I plan to utilize the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana as a system to study the transcriptional circuitry underlying cellular instruction and response within ground tissue. To reach the first objective I will be trained in the Benfey lab to perform and analyze microarrays as well as chromatin immunoprecipitation followed microarray (ChlP-chip) to obtain comprehensive transcriptional targets of an uncharacterized transcription factor (TF) with a demonstrated role in asymmetric cell division in the Arabidopsis root. To achieve the second objective I will use robust spatiotemporal co-expression clusters of a high-resolution, cell-type specific data set generated from Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) technology pioneered in the lab. I will be trained to perform chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by quantitative PCR (ChlP-qPCR) to identify direct targets of ground tissue specific TFs within these clusters. To attain the third objective I will develop genetic and molecular resources of genes within the transcriptional subnetworks of the previous objectives. Facilitated by the 'rootarray', a high-throughput confocal imaging platform of the Benfey lab, I will assay phenotypes and characterize the biological functions of the transcription factors and their targets in the cellular specification, development, and stress responses of the ground tissue. The skills and resources I will obtain from this proposal will provide the training and tools required for my career and future research in systems biology on the transcriptional circuitry underlying plant cell and tissue development and function. Public Health Relevance: Asymmetric cell division, mechanisms of cellular development and response, and transcriptional networks functioning in the tissue studied in this proposal are common to all eukaryotic organisms. As these mechanisms have been found to be involved in cancer and human disease, knowledge of the informational pathways in model organisms that instruct specific cells to carry out tissue function and response is thus broadly applicable and relevant to those of humans.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Postdoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F32)
Project #
5F32GM086976-02
Application #
7923118
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-F08-G (20))
Program Officer
Carter, Anthony D
Project Start
2009-09-01
Project End
2011-08-31
Budget Start
2010-09-01
Budget End
2011-08-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$52,154
Indirect Cost
Name
Duke University
Department
Biology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
044387793
City
Durham
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27705
Sparks, Erin E; Drapek, Colleen; Gaudinier, Allison et al. (2016) Establishment of Expression in the SHORTROOT-SCARECROW Transcriptional Cascade through Opposing Activities of Both Activators and Repressors. Dev Cell 39:585-596
Moreno-Risueno, Miguel A; Sozzani, Rosangela; Yard?mc?, Galip G├╝rkan et al. (2015) Transcriptional control of tissue formation throughout root development. Science 350:426-30
Liberman, Louisa M; Sparks, Erin E; Moreno-Risueno, Miguel A et al. (2015) MYB36 regulates the transition from proliferation to differentiation in the Arabidopsis root. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:12099-104
Morton, Taj; Petricka, Jalean; Corcoran, David L et al. (2014) Paired-end analysis of transcription start sites in Arabidopsis reveals plant-specific promoter signatures. Plant Cell 26:2746-60
Petricka, Jalean J; Winter, Cara M; Benfey, Philip N (2012) Control of Arabidopsis root development. Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:563-90
Petricka, Jalean J; Schauer, Monica A; Megraw, Molly et al. (2012) The protein expression landscape of the Arabidopsis root. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:6811-8
Zhang, Wenli; Wu, Yufeng; Schnable, James C et al. (2012) High-resolution mapping of open chromatin in the rice genome. Genome Res 22:151-62