High-risk anogenital papillomaviruses (HPVs) are associated with 95% of invasive cervical cancers worldwide. These viruses infect and replicate in stratified squamous epithelia, where they can persist for long periods. The double-stranded circular HPV genomic DNA is maintained as a low-copy-number nuclear plasmid in the mitotically active basal layer keratinocytes. Trans-acting viral factors E1 and E2 play an important role in replication; El, a helicase, recruits Polalpha to the origin; E2 acts cooperatively by binding E1 and the viral genome through its binding sites. Studies of bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) suggest that E2 mediates segregation of newly synthesized viral genomes to daughter cells by linking them to mitotic chromosomes. We have recently developed a yeast-based system to study the cis and trans requirements for HPV16 replication and maintenance. Experiments performed in this system and in human cells indicate that E2 may not be strictly required for long-term maintenance of HPV16 genomes. This result suggests that the cis and trans requirements for extrachromosomal maintenance of HPV16 need to be further evaluated. The objectives of this proposal are: (1) To investigate the role of E2 in HPV16 maintenance; (2) To map cis-acting elements in the HPV16 genome that provide maintenance functions independently of E2; and (3) To identify cellular factors that contribute to genome maintenance. These studies will clarify the mechanism by which these oncogenic viruses maintain their genomes in the host.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Scientist Development Award - Research & Training (K01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Program Officer
Lohrey, Nancy
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Nebraska Lincoln
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
Rogers, Adam; Waltke, Mackenzie; Angeletti, Peter C (2011) Evolutionary variation of papillomavirus E2 protein and E2 binding sites. Virol J 8:379
Lowe, John; Panda, Debasis; Rose, Suzanne et al. (2008) Evolutionary and structural analyses of alpha-papillomavirus capsid proteins yields novel insights into L2 structure and interaction with L1. Virol J 5:150
Pittayakhajonwut, Daraporn; Angeletti, Peter C (2008) Analysis of cis-elements that facilitate extrachromosomal persistence of human papillomavirus genomes. Virology 374:304-14
Rogers, Adam J; Loggen, Malte; Lee, Karen et al. (2008) Varying efficiency of long-term replication of papillomaviruses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Virology 381:6-10
Angeletti, Peter C (2005) Replication and encapsidation of papillomaviruses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Methods Mol Med 119:247-60
Kim, Kitai; Angeletti, Peter C; Hassebroek, Elizabeth C et al. (2005) Identification of cis-acting elements that mediate the replication and maintenance of human papillomavirus type 16 genomes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Virol 79:5933-42
Joung, Insil; Angeletti, Peter C; Engler, Jeffrey A (2003) Functional Implications in Apoptosis by Interferon Inducible Gene Product 1-8D, the Binding Protein to Adenovirus Preterminal Protein. J Microbiol 41:295-9