This proposal is for a 5-year Independent Scientist Award (K02) to pursue a focused research agenda in injury epidemiology. The applicant is the recipient of one R01 grant entitled the Space-Time Adolescent Risk Study (STARS, R01AA014944). The STARS is an ongoing population-based case-control study of adolescents (10-19 years) to determine how consuming alcohol and being near alcohol outlets affects the risk of being assaulted by gunshot or other weapon. The objective of this K02 application is to complete new research analyses of data from the applicant's current R01 grant as well as training to enhance the applicant's existing skills in analyzing activity pattern data with spatial and temporal (space-time) aspects. The studies that will be completed will investigator the impact of the built environment (social disorder, physical disorder, and alcohol outlets) on adolescents'fear of being assaulted, which appears to have profound negative effects on health but is very poorly understood given that the dynamics of studying this issue are daunting. This K02 award will provide the investigator the protected time needed to foster creative ideas and supplement his training and to be productive conducting research n this area of study. At the completion of the award period he will be firmly established as an independent scientist in injury epidemiology and will have made several important advances.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Research Scientist Development Award - Research (K02)
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Health Services Research Review Subcommittee (AA)
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Bloss, Gregory
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University of Pennsylvania
Biostatistics & Other Math Sci
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Culyba, Alison J; Guo, Wensheng; Branas, Charles C et al. (2018) Comparing residence-based to actual path-based methods for defining adolescents' environmental exposures using granular spatial data. Health Place 49:39-49
Dong, Beidi; Branas, Charles C; Richmond, Therese S et al. (2017) Youth's Daily Activities and Situational Triggers of Gunshot Assault in Urban Environments. J Adolesc Health 61:779-785
Carr, Brendan G; Bowman, Ariel J; Wolff, Catherine S et al. (2017) Disparities in access to trauma care in the United States: A population-based analysis. Injury 48:332-338
Kondo, Michelle C; South, Eugenia C; Branas, Charles C et al. (2017) The Association Between Urban Tree Cover and Gun Assault: A Case-Control and Case-Crossover Study. Am J Epidemiol 186:289-296
Wiebe, Douglas J; Richmond, Therese S; Guo, Wensheng et al. (2016) Mapping Activity Patterns to Quantify Risk of Violent Assault in Urban Environments. Epidemiology 27:32-41
Culyba, Alison J; Ginsburg, Kenneth R; Fein, Joel A et al. (2016) Examining the Role of Supportive Family Connection in Violence Exposure Among Male Youth in Urban Environments. J Interpers Violence :
Culyba, Alison J; Ginsburg, Kenneth R; Fein, Joel A et al. (2016) Protective Effects of Adolescent-Adult Connection on Male Youth in Urban Environments. J Adolesc Health 58:237-40
Wiebe, Douglas J; Guo, Wensheng; Allison, Paul D et al. (2013) Fears of violence during morning travel to school. J Adolesc Health 53:54-61
Carr, Brendan G; Nance, Michael L; Branas, Charles C et al. (2012) Unintentional firearm death across the urban-rural landscape in the United States. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:1006-10
Wiebe, Douglas J; Blackstone, Mercedes M; Mollen, Cynthia J et al. (2011) Self-reported violence-related outcomes for adolescents within eight weeks of emergency department treatment for assault injury. J Adolesc Health 49:440-2

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