The candidate has been conducting research on substance use in adolescence and proposes to develop scientific skills to conduct research on vulnerability with younger children, with a focus on temperament and self- regulation processes. The award will provide release time from teaching responsibilities so that the candidate can develop theory and methods for doing research with children in the age range from 9-12 years, conduct pilot research on techniques for working with this population, and design new research for studying processes predictive of early-onset substance use. Specific activities include development of a theoretical approach to studying early vulnerability, visits to laboratories of investigators studying younger children in order to enhance methodological skills for working with this population, conducting pilot studies on attention and self-regulation processes in younger children, and preparation of applications to support new research. During the period of the award the candidate will continue school-based research on temperament and substance use, and mentor graduate students doing research on substance abuse.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Scientist Development Award - Research (K02)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Drug Abuse Epidemiology and Prevention Research Review Committee (DAPA)
Program Officer
Conway, Kevin P
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Other Domestic Higher Education
United States
Zip Code
Piko, Bettina F; Wills, Thomas A; Walker, Carmella (2007) Motives for smoking and drinking: country and gender differences in samples of Hungarian and US high school students. Addict Behav 32:2087-98
Wills, Thomas A; Sargent, James D; Stoolmiller, Mike et al. (2007) Movie exposure to smoking cues and adolescent smoking onset: a test for mediation through peer affiliations. Health Psychol 26:769-76
Wills, Thomas A; Ainette, Michael G; Mendoza, Don et al. (2007) Self-control, symptomatology, and substance use precursors: test of a theoretical model in a community sample of 9-year-old children. Psychol Addict Behav 21:205-15
Walker, Carmella; Ainette, Michael G; Wills, Thomas A et al. (2007) Religiosity and substance use: test of an indirect-effect model in early and middle adolescence. Psychol Addict Behav 21:84-96
Sargent, James D; Wills, Thomas A; Stoolmiller, Mike et al. (2006) Alcohol use in motion pictures and its relation with early-onset teen drinking. J Stud Alcohol 67:54-65
Pomery, Elizabeth A; Gibbons, Frederick X; Gerrard, Meg et al. (2005) Families and risk: prospective analyses of familial and social influences on adolescent substance use. J Fam Psychol 19:560-70
Wills, Thomas Ashby; Dishion, Thomas J (2004) Temperament and adolescent substance use: a transactional analysis of emerging self-control. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:69-81
Sussman, Steve; Earleywine, Mitchell; Wills, Thomas et al. (2004) The motivation, skills, and decision-making model of ""drug abuse"" prevention. Subst Use Misuse 39:1971-2016
Gibbons, Frederick X; Gerrard, Meg; Cleveland, Michael J et al. (2004) Perceived discrimination and substance use in African American parents and their children: a panel study. J Pers Soc Psychol 86:517-29
Wills, Thomas Ashby; Resko, Jody A; Ainette, Michael G et al. (2004) Smoking onset in adolescence: a person-centered analysis with time-varying predictors. Health Psychol 23:158-67

Showing the most recent 10 out of 27 publications