Career Development: The candidate is an Assistant Professor in Emergency Medicine at Denver HealthMedical Center (DHMC) and the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center. His principalong-term career goal is to conduct high-quality collaborative health services research with emphasis onemergency medical care delivery, HIV prevention, and improved public health. In order to accomplish thisgoal, the candidate will obtain his PhD in Health Services Research; will perform a series of related studiesat DHMC, an urban, safety-net hospital and integrated healthcare system that serves a large proportion ofunderserved patients; and benefit from continued high-quality mentorship. Research Plan: An estimated40,000 new HIV infections occur annually in the United States, and this rate has changed very little in thelast decade. New HIV infections appear to be increasing most in non-traditional risk groups, including racialand ethnic minorities. Most persons infected with HIV still do not get tested until late in their disease courses,primarily due to its long asymptomatic period and their relatively poor access to routine medical care. Over100 million people visit emergency departments (EDs) annually, and the ED commonly serves as a patient'sonly source for medical care, and thus the only potential opportunity to be tested for HIV infection. Also,patients who are most likely to use the ED as their only source of care are often those for whom the HIVepidemic is spreading most. To improve identification of undiagnosed HIV infection, the Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention recently called for widespread non-targeted opt-out HIV screening in most healthcaresettings, including EDs. This strategyJiowever, remains untested and is likely to be suboptimal for the vastmajority of EDs in the United States./The specific aims of the proposed research are: (1) to use a large,prospectiveiy-coliected STD Clinic database from Denver Public Health to derive a clinical predictioninstrument to accurately identify HIV seropositivity; (2) to conduct a nested prospective cohort study toexternally validate this clinical prediction instrument in the ED at DHMC; and (3) to conduct a quasi-experimental equivalent time-samples clinical trial to assess the clinical effectiveness of using an empirically-derived clinical prediction instrument, a conventional HIV behavioral risk screening instrument, or noscreening as a means to stratify ED patients into groups at risk for HIV infection in the ED. The results ofthese studies will improve our understanding of how to provide effective rapid HIV testing in EDs and maylead to novel approaches to providing such services in other 'high-risk' medical care settings.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Research Scientist Development Award - Research (K02)
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HSR Health Care Research Training SS (HCRT)
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Anderson, Kay
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Denver Health and Hospital Authority
United States
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Vogel, Jody A; Newgard, Craig D; Holmes, James F et al. (2016) Validation of the Denver Emergency Department Trauma Organ Failure Score to Predict Post-Injury Multiple Organ Failure. J Am Coll Surg 222:73-82
Easter, Joshua S; Haukoos, Jason S; Meehan, William P et al. (2015) Will Neuroimaging Reveal a Severe Intracranial Injury in This Adult With Minor Head Trauma?: The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review. JAMA 314:2672-81
Stevens, Allen D; Hernandez, Caleb; Jones, Seth et al. (2015) Color-coded prefilled medication syringes decrease time to delivery and dosing errors in simulated prehospital pediatric resuscitations: A randomized crossover trial. Resuscitation 96:85-91
Sasson, Comilla; Haukoos, Jason S; Ben-Youssef, Leila et al. (2015) Barriers to calling 911 and learning and performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation for residents of primarily Latino, high-risk neighborhoods in Denver, Colorado. Ann Emerg Med 65:545-552.e2
Vogel, Jody A; Seleno, Nicole; Hopkins, Emily et al. (2015) Denver ED Trauma Organ Failure Score outperforms traditional methods of risk stratification in trauma. Am J Emerg Med 33:1440-4
Vogel, Jody A; Haukoos, Jason S; Erickson, Catherine L et al. (2015) Is long-axis view superior to short-axis view in ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization? Crit Care Med 43:832-9
Moreira, Maria E; Hernandez, Caleb; Stevens, Allen D et al. (2015) Color-Coded Prefilled Medication Syringes Decrease Time to Delivery and Dosing Error in Simulated Emergency Department Pediatric Resuscitations. Ann Emerg Med 66:97-106.e3
Haukoos, Jason S; Hopkins, Emily; Bucossi, Meggan M et al. (2015) Brief report: Validation of a quantitative HIV risk prediction tool using a national HIV testing cohort. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:599-603
Hsieh, Yu-Hsiang; Haukoos, Jason S; Rothman, Richard E (2014) Validation of an abbreviated version of the Denver HIV risk score for prediction of HIV infection in an urban ED. Am J Emerg Med 32:775-9
Otten, David; Liao, Michael M; Wolken, Robert et al. (2014) Comparison of bag-valve-mask hand-sealing techniques in a simulated model. Ann Emerg Med 63:6-12.e3

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