The main goal of this K08 Award is to study a new T cell inhibitory pathway in the B7:CD28 family of costimulatory molecules that regulates T cell activation and tolerance. The PI will be mentored at Harvard Medical School by Dr. Arlene Sharpe, an expert in the area of T cell costimulation. We have found that Programmed Death-1 Ligand 1 (PD-L1) on T cells can interact with B7-1, and that this interaction can inhibit T cell responses. We will test the hypothesis that PD-L1 on T cells plays an important role in controlling T cell activation, effector responses, and autoimmunity. We have a number of unique tools, including gene-deficient mice and PD-L1 antibodies that enable us to dissect the molecular mechanisms of PD-L1 signaling on T cells and investigate its roles in controlling in vivo responses.
Our specific aims are: 1. Establish the mechanisms by which PD-L1 on T cells exerts inhibitory effects in mice and humans. In this Aim, we will test whether PD-L1 on T cells exerts an inhibitory effect by 1) modifying TCR signaling pathways, and/or by 2) utilizing a signaling partner or second chain to enact inhibitory effects. We will also test if ligation of PD-L1 on human T cells is inhibitory. These subaims will provide insight into the mechanisms by which PD-L1 on T cells inhibits responses and the potential for therapeutic manipulation of PD-L1 on human T cells. 2. Determine the roles of PD-L1 on T cells and its partners at the immunological synapse (IS). T cells are activated and regulated by contact with APCs at the IS. B7-1 on APCs can interact with CD28, CTLA-4, or PD-L1 on the T cell, raising the question: how does PD-L1 compete with CD28 and CTLA-4 for B7-1 interactions? We will focus on how PD-L1 on T cells competes with CD28 for binding to B7-1 in the early synapse (microclusters) and the late synapse (T cell-DC synapse). These studies will complement those in Aim 1 to investigate another means by which PD-L1 on T cells may exert its inhibitory effects. 3. Characterize in vivo effects of PD-L1 on T cells: activation and autoimmunity. I will examine the in vivo role of PD-L1 on CD4 and CD8 T cells during activation and effector responses.
This aim will test the hypothesis that the PD-L1 pathway may control self-reactive T cells during autoimmune responses in vivo, using an autoimmune model of diabetes. In this proposal, I plan to acquire new skills in areas of T cell biology, including microscopy and in vivo studies of autoimmunity. My long-term goal is to combine my background in basic science and clinical medicine to be an academic physician-scientist and independent investigator, examining the fundamental roles of inhibitory T cell pathways as they regulate autoimmunity and infectious diseases.
Blockade of PD-L1 has become an important therapeutic target. These studies will provide insights into new mechanisms to control T cell responses in microbial immunity, tumor immunity, and autoimmunity, and will provide fundamental insights into mechanisms of inhibition of T cells.
|Thauland, Timothy J; Hu, Kenneth H; Bruce, Marc A et al. (2017) Cytoskeletal adaptivity regulates T cell receptor signaling. Sci Signal 10:|
|Wang, Andrew; Vijayraghavan, Karthik; Solgaard, Olav et al. (2016) Fast Stiffness Mapping of Cells Using High-Bandwidth Atomic Force Microscopy. ACS Nano 10:257-64|
|Matthews, Adam G W; Briggs, Christine E; Yamanaka, Keiichi et al. (2015) Compound heterozygous mutation of Rag1 leading to Omenn syndrome. PLoS One 10:e0121489|
|Wei, Ke; Serpooshan, Vahid; Hurtado, Cecilia et al. (2015) Epicardial FSTL1 reconstitution regenerates the adult mammalian heart. Nature 525:479-85|
|Hu, Kenneth K; Bruce, Marc A; Butte, Manish J (2014) Spatiotemporally and mechanically controlled triggering of mast cells using atomic force microscopy. Immunol Res 58:211-7|
|Sun, Wenchao; Araci, Zeynep; Inayathullah, Mohammed et al. (2013) Polyvinylpyrrolidone microneedles enable delivery of intact proteins for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Acta Biomater 9:7767-74|
|Bruce, Marc A; Butte, Manish J (2013) Real-time GPU-based 3D Deconvolution. Opt Express 21:4766-73|
|Serpooshan, Vahid; Zhao, Mingming; Metzler, Scott A et al. (2013) The effect of bioengineered acellular collagen patch on cardiac remodeling and ventricular function post myocardial infarction. Biomaterials 34:9048-55|
|Liu, Jianwei; Butte, Manish J (2012) Single molecule labeling of an atomic force microscope cantilever tip. Appl Phys Lett 101:163705|
|Liu, Jianwei; Sun, Ning; Bruce, Marc A et al. (2012) Atomic force mechanobiology of pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. PLoS One 7:e37559|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 11 publications