? ? This revised proposal describes a 5-year training program for the development of an academic career in Medicine. The principal investigator has completed a clinical/research fellowship in Pulmonary and Critical Care at Boston University, and is now transitioning to a career as an independent investigator. Alan Fine.M.D. will mentor the principal investigator's scientific development. Dr Fine is a recognized leader in lung biology, and has extensive experience training post-doctoral fellows, and graduate students. To ensure the Aims of this proposal are met the principal investigator has enlisted the expertise of Ken Walsh, PhD, and has put together a team of advisors that include Wellington Cardoso,MD, PhD, a recognized leader in lung development, and Dr Peter Quesenberry, an expert in stem cell biology. The overall objective of this proposal is to study a newly identified cell type isolated from the embryonic murine lung that has features of a mesenchymal stem/progenitor. These cells lack characteristics of mature mesenchymal cells, and can differentiate to smooth muscle, fat and cartilage during culture. While the overall frequency, and specific phenotype of these cells has yet to be determined, immuno-phenotyping data has localized these cells to the CD45(-),cytokeratin(-),CD31 (-) SP cell fraction of the lung. Notably, the molecular mechanisms maintaining these cells in an undifferentiated state are unknown; however, our pilot data suggest a role for the Foxo subfamily of transcription factors. These findings have led us to the following hypothesis: Contained with the embryonic lung are mesenchymal stem cells. These cells reside within the CD45(-)cytokeratin(-)CD31(-) SP fraction, have a unique phenotype, serve as precursors to differentiated mesenchymal cell types, and their state of differentiation is regulated by the Foxo subfamily of transcription factors. To test this we propose to: 1. Identify the cells contained within the embryonic lung that possess mesenchymal stem/progenitor activity. 2. Evaluate the in vivo capacity of these cells to differentiate to mature lung mesenchymal cell types. 3. Further explore the role of the Foxo subfamily in controlling the differentiation state of these cells. Together this proposal, coupled with the rich scientific environment offered at Boston University are designed to enable the principal investigator to meet the objectives outlined, advance his scientific background, and establish a career as an independent investigator. (End of Abstract) ? ? ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-O (F1))
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Colombini-Hatch, Sandra
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Boston University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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