Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disorder characterized by abnormally elevated pulmonary artery (PA) pressures. PH associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects a significant number of patients and is associated with worsened lung function decline, increased frequency of exacerbations, and increased mortality. There are currently no therapies available for treatment of COPD-associated PH and thus new pathways and therapeutic targets are needed to address this critical need. Recent work in our laboratory has identified acetyl-proline-glycine-proline (AcPGP), the end result of cigarette- smoke induced collagen destruction, as a key marker for COPD pathogenesis. PGP acts on inflammatory cells through CXC receptors (CXCR1/2). Signaling through this CXCR2 receptor has been implicated in the development of PH. As an extension, the hypothesis that AcPGP mediates pulmonary vascular endothelial cell dysfunction and serves as a risk factor for the development of PH in COPD will be tested through the following independent but inter-related aims: 1. Study the phenotype and mechanism of COPD-associated PH in murine models of exogenous AcPGP administration 2. Determine the role of the neutrophil and CXCR1/2 in AcPGP mediated pulmonary vascular remodeling 3. Investigate the predictive value of AcPGP levels in the development of pulmonary vascular disease detected by CT in a cohort of COPD patients This project explores new concepts in the pathobiology of COPD-associated PH through PA endothelial cells, a novel animal model of disease, and translates these findings into human disease. This career development plan and the research aims as outlined above are of equal importance. Combined with a strong mentoring committee, additional training in immunology, metabolism, cardiopulmonary physiology, study design, methodology, and statistical analysis will meet Dr. Wells'specific educational needs as a budding academician. The opportunities created by this career development award will result in the creation of a physician-scientist with the skills necessary to accurately and ethically answer important scientific questions related to COPD-associated PH, successfully obtain future independent funding, and make important differences in the lives of patients affected with these devastating illnesses.
Pulmonary hypertension occurs in many patients affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). These two illnesses coexist through complex interactions between many different pathologic processes and there are no therapies that alter the natural history of these combined diseases. Exploring new pathways involved in the remodeling process may lead to novel therapies for COPD-associated pulmonary hypertension.
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|Payne, Gregory A; Wells, J Michael (2018) Deciphering COPD and associated cardiovascular impairment. Lancet Respir Med 6:320-322|
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|Zouk, Aline N; Wells, J Michael (2017) In Rotterdam, size really does matter: implications of pulmonary artery enlargement on mortality. Eur Respir J 49:|
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|Gulati, Swati; Wells, J Michael (2017) Bringing Stability to the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patient: Clinical and Pharmacological Considerations for Frequent Exacerbators. Drugs 77:651-670|
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