Lauren K. Whiteside M.D. is a fellowship-trained, practicing emergency medicine physician with a long term career goal to become an independent, federally funded investigator capable of developing and implementing innovative systems of care from the Emergency Department (ED) for patients with prescription opioid misuse (POM) and related substance abuse, mental health and medical comorbidities. Patients with POM have high rates of comorbidity, and this K23 proposal will inform, refine and pilot a collaborative care model built from the chronic disease management framework to decrease rates of POM while addressing health services needs and comorbidity. Patients with substance use problems utilize the ED for care more than patients without these needs and thus, the ED is a critical and innovative location to initiate a collaborative care model for these patients. To reach this long-term goal, D. Whiteside has assembled a group of multidisciplinary mentors and contributors and put together a structured, tailored educational plan to learn specific skills to transition to the next stage ofher career. The short term training goals for this K23 Mentored Patient-Oriented Career Development Award are to 1) inform a collaborative care model for POM by getting formal training in health systems and mixed methods research; 2) Acquire the skills necessary to implement a collaborative care system in the ED by understanding patterns of POM and associated substance use problems, medical/psychiatric comorbidity and health service utilization; 3) Learn how to conduct randomized clinical trials and understand how to apply innovative adaptive design and pragmatic trial considerations to this highly variable population. Given the known medical, psychiatric and substance use comorbidities associated with patients with POM, a health care system approach is required to address the complexity associated with this problem. Therefore specific research aims of this proposal are to: 1) Inform content for a collaborative care model (RxCC) to decrease POM and related comorbidity by conducting semi- structured interviews with the target patient population and their care providers; 2: Refine RxCC by enrolling participants and conducting semi-structured interviews at one month to explore barriers and facilitators of healthcare utilization within the framework of collaborative care; and 3) Pilot a randomized control trial of RxCC delivered over six months compared to usual care using adaptive randomization procedures for patients in the ED with POM for feasibility and acceptability. The RCT will not be adequately powered to detect significant treatment effects, thus exploratory analyses will compare differences in health care utilization at six months as well as prescription opioid misuse (POM). This K23 Mentored Patient-Oriented Career Development Award proposal directly addresses NIDA's strategic plan outlined in 2010 by addressing treatment for POM and associated comorbidities and provides an innovative health systems approach for this complex problem.

Public Health Relevance

PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVENCE: In 2012 approximately 6.8 million Americans reported misuse of prescription drugs and many patients with prescription opioid misuse (POM) report comorbid illicit drug use, alcohol misuse, psychiatric illness or complex medical problems. NIDA and others have recognized the importance of interventions for POM that take into account comorbidities, thus a collaborative care model initiated in the ED holds promise as a disease management strategy for this complex population that utilizes the ED for care. This research plan will complement a comprehensive training program designed to strengthen and develop research skills in the area of randomized controlled trial design and innovations, qualitative and mixed methods and health services research for of an innovative POM care delivery model and increase my knowledge in collaborative care and comorbidity treatment.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23)
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Health Services Organization and Delivery Study Section (HSOD)
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Thomas, David A
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University of Washington
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Whiteside, Lauren K; Darnell, Doyanne; Jackson, Karlee et al. (2017) Collaborative care from the emergency department for injured patients with prescription drug misuse: An open feasibility study. J Subst Abuse Treat 82:12-21
Zatzick, Douglas F; Rowhani-Rahbar, Ali; Wang, Jin et al. (2017) The Cumulative Burden of Mental, Substance Use, and General Medical Disorders and Rehospitalization and Mortality After an Injury. Psychiatr Serv 68:596-602
Zatzick, Douglas F; Russo, Joan; Darnell, Doyanne et al. (2016) An effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial study protocol targeting posttraumatic stress disorder and comorbidity. Implement Sci 11:58
Zatzick, Douglas; O'Connor, Stephen S; Russo, Joan et al. (2015) Technology-Enhanced Stepped Collaborative Care Targeting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Comorbidity After Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Trauma Stress 28:391-400