Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a common complication in hospitalized patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In order to improve patient outcomes in the setting of AKI we seek to 1) further define the role of Cystatin C (CyC) in 2 distinct settings of AKI 2) improve our understanding of the genetic factors that control CyC expression and separate factor which impact susceptibility to AKI. Compared to the current standard, plasma creatinine, plasma and urine CyC have shown promise as early biomarkers of AKI.
Specific aim #1 will validate urine CyC as an early biomarker of AKI following adult cardiothoracic surgery. All 1800 patients enrolled in the NIH funded Translational Research Investigating Biomarker Endpoints in AKI (TRIBE AKI) trial will be prospectively studied with pre-operative and post-operative blood and urine collection. Separately, specific aim #2 will seek to expand the role of both plasma and urine CyC in diagnosing AKI via the prospective study of subjects admitted to the medical intensive care unit with sepsis. In both trials we expect that in those with AKI, both plasma and urine concentrations of CyC will increase significantly earlier than plasma creatinine. We expect this effect to be more pronounced in those going on to require renal replacement therapy. Recent data point to a difference between the normative values of plasma CyC for persons of different racial background. Additionally, genetic polymorphisms in the region of the CyC gene (CST3) play a strong role in steady state plasma CyC concentration.
Aim #3 will delineate the genetic variability in the region of the CST3 gene using the DMAs collected from the 1800 subject TRIBE AKI cohort and seek to further define the relationship between these polymorphisms and plasma and urine CyC concentrations and other phenotypes. Thus refining what is known about the inter-racial differences in CyC levels and potentially glomerular filtration rate. Finally, this Aim will also seek to correlate a variety of phenotypes in the TRIBE AKI cohort with genetic variation in several genes known who's products are known to play a role in AKI. We hypothesize that by improving patient's pre-operative risk stratification, via improved understanding of the genetics of CST3 and AKI and providing an earlier diagnosis of AKI through CyC, we will reduce mortality, improve patient outcomes and advance our understanding of role of CyC in AKI.
|Park, Meyeon; Shlipak, Michael G; Thiessen-Philbrook, Heather et al. (2016) Association of Peak Changes in Plasma Cystatin C and Creatinine With Death After Cardiac Operations. Ann Thorac Surg 101:1395-401|
|Coca, Steven G; Nadkarni, Girish N; Garg, Amit X et al. (2016) First Post-Operative Urinary Kidney Injury Biomarkers and Association with the Duration of AKI in the TRIBE-AKI Cohort. PLoS One 11:e0161098|
|Koyner, Jay L; Coca, Steven G; Thiessen-Philbrook, Heather et al. (2015) Urine Biomarkers and Perioperative Acute Kidney Injury: The Impact of Preoperative Estimated GFR. Am J Kidney Dis 66:1006-14|
|Koyner, Jay L; Davison, Danielle L; Brasha-Mitchell, Ermira et al. (2015) Furosemide Stress Test and Biomarkers for the Prediction of AKI Severity. J Am Soc Nephrol 26:2023-31|
|Lieske, John C; Chawla, Lakhmir; Kashani, Kianoush et al. (2014) Biomarkers for acute kidney injury: where are we today? Where should we go? Clin Chem 60:294-300|
|Coca, Steven G; Garg, Amit X; Thiessen-Philbrook, Heather et al. (2014) Urinary biomarkers of AKI and mortality 3 years after cardiac surgery. J Am Soc Nephrol 25:1063-71|
|Koyner, Jay L; Garg, Amit X; Thiessen-Philbrook, Heather et al. (2014) Adjudication of etiology of acute kidney injury: experience from the TRIBE-AKI multi-center study. BMC Nephrol 15:105|
|Naik, Abhijit; Akhter, Shahab A; Fedson, Savitri et al. (2014) Acute kidney injury and mortality following ventricular assist device implantation. Am J Nephrol 39:195-203|
|Chawla, Lakhmir S; Davison, Danielle L; Brasha-Mitchell, Ermira et al. (2013) Development and standardization of a furosemide stress test to predict the severity of acute kidney injury. Crit Care 17:R207|
|Kashani, Kianoush; Al-Khafaji, Ali; Ardiles, Thomas et al. (2013) Discovery and validation of cell cycle arrest biomarkers in human acute kidney injury. Crit Care 17:R25|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 37 publications