Primary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure, AVFs that are not suitable for dialysis at four to five months, remains the most significant obstacle in increasing overall prevalence of AVF use in the United States. There are currently no clinical or biological markers to predict which patients will experience primary AVF failure. The long-term goal of this project is to develop a panel of biomarkers from blood and venous tissue to better understand the mechanisms of primary AVF failure and that will serve as clinical tools to predict AVFs at high risk for maturation failures. The immediate objectives of this proposal focus on oxidative stress and pre-existing venous neointimal hyperplasia and will: (1) examine the relationship between pre-surgical levels of oxidative stress, pre-existing neointimal hyperplasia, and primary AVF failure, and (2) study the role of these novel risk factors in the pathophysiology of primary AVF failure. This study will utilize a prospective cohort study design recruiting chronic kidney and end-stage renal disease patients requiring a new AVF placement. Blood samples will be collected prior to surgery, and venous tissue samples will be collected at the time of surgery. Accomplishing these objectives will provide new information about the role blood and tissue oxidative stress levels and pre-existing neointimal hyperplasia play in primary AVF failure, and whether tissue oxidative stress is associated with pre-existing neointimal hyperplasia. Knowledge from this proposal will lead to future studies with targeted interventions directed at modifying oxidative stress and neointimal hyperplasia using both systemic and local delivery systems in order to improve AVF maturation. This research proposal will form the core of a five-year career development plan for Dr. Timmy Lee under the mentorship of Dr. Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, an internationally-recognized expert in hemodialysis vascular access stenosis. Dr. Lee proposes a career development plan that combines didactic training in translational research methods, advanced biostatistical coursework, and laboratory training related to understanding vascular access stenosis such as measurement of oxidative stress in blood and venous tissue and neointimal hyperplasia in human venous tissue. In conjunction with carefully selected collaborators, this career development plan will foster Dr. Lee's development into an established clinical and translational investigator with expertise in complex research methodology and laboratory expertise in mechanisms of vascular access stenosis.

Public Health Relevance

Poor arteriovenous fistula development remains a significant problem among hemodialysis patients. The work from this proposal will improve the understanding of why some arteriovenous fistulas do not mature adequately for successful use on dialysis and which individuals are at risk for maturation failures. The net impact will, hopefully, be an improvement in patient quality of life and an overall increase in patient survival.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23)
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Study Section
Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases B Subcommittee (DDK)
Program Officer
Rankin, Tracy L
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University of Cincinnati
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Lee, Timmy; Somarathna, Maheshika; Hura, Arjan et al. (2014) Natural history of venous morphologic changes in dialysis access stenosis. J Vasc Access 15:298-305
Vachharajani, Tushar J; Moist, Louise M; Glickman, Marc H et al. (2014) Elderly patients with CKD--dilemmas in dialysis therapy and vascular access. Nat Rev Nephrol 10:116-22
Lee, Timmy; Wang, Yang; Arend, Lois et al. (2014) Comparative analysis of cellular phenotypes within the neointima from vein segments collected prior to vascular access surgery and stenotic arteriovenous dialysis accesses. Semin Dial 27:303-9
Lee, Timmy; Tindni, Arshdeep; Roy-Chaudhury, Prabir (2013) Improved cumulative survival in fistulas requiring surgical interventions to promote fistula maturation compared with endovascular interventions. Semin Dial 26:85-9
Lee, Timmy (2013) Novel paradigms for dialysis vascular access: downstream vascular biology--is there a final common pathway? Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 8:2194-201
Roy-Chaudhury, Prabir; El-Khatib, Mahmoud; Campos-Naciff, Begona et al. (2012) Back to the future: how biology and technology could change the role of PTFE grafts in vascular access management. Semin Dial 25:495-504
Lee, Timmy; Wadehra, Davinder (2012) Genetic causation of neointimal hyperplasia in hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction. Semin Dial 25:65-73
Roy-Chaudhury, Prabir; Chan, Jenq-Shyong; Lee, Timmy et al. (2012) Of veins, valves, and vascular access! Kidney Int 82:1236-7
Lee, Timmy; Lok, Charmaine; Vazquez, Miguel et al. (2012) Minimizing hemodialysis catheter dysfunction: an ounce of prevention. Int J Nephrol 2012:170857
Lee, Timmy; Safdar, Nida; Mistry, Meenakshi J et al. (2012) Preexisting venous calcification prior to dialysis vascular access surgery. Semin Dial 25:592-5

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