: The long-term objective of this project is to identify the determinants of catheter ablation failure in AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNNRT) and accessory pathways (AP). Recently, the NASPE Catheter Ablation Registry showed that despite all the advances in mapping and ablation technology, the success rate of ablation has not improved between 1993 and 1998, suggesting that new strategies for selecting the ablation target are needed.
The Specific Aim 1 of this project is to elucidate the causes of failed AP ablations. We hypothesize that the main cause of failure in AP ablation is inaccurate localization of the AP when the AP has an oblique course. We will test this hypothesis by reversing the activation wavefront using two different pacing sites to help identify an isolated AP potential, which will be targeted for ablation.
The Specific Aim 2 of this project is to elucidate the causes of failed AVNRT ablations. We postulate that the main cause of failed AVNRT ablation is that the reentrant circuit in AVNRT is not well understood. Our working hypothesis is that identification of the reentrant circuit and atrial connections in AVNRT will facilitate appropriate target selection and improve success in AVNRT ablation. We will systemically examine the reentrant circuit by (1) map the earliest retrograde atrial activation to help identify the retrograde limb of the circuit in each variant of AVNRT. (2) establish the presence or absence of a lower common pathway in each variant of AVNRT to help localize the circuit. (3) deliver late atrial extrastimuli at different sites to identify the antegrade limb of the circuit. (4) ablate the reentrant circuit based on the mapping result to further confirm the location of the circuit. My past research has focused on basic electrophysiology (ion channel related research). My immediate career goal is to utilize this project to successfully change my research direction from basic to clinical electrophysiology. My long-term goal is to be a """"""""linker"""""""" between basic and clinical electrophysiology and continue exploring the mechanism of cardiac arrhythmia.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-J (O1))
Program Officer
Commarato, Michael
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Oklahoma City
United States
Zip Code
Scherlag, Benjamin J; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Jackman, Warren M et al. (2011) Non-pharmacological, non-ablative approaches for the treatment of atrial fibrillation: experimental evidence and potential clinical implications. J Cardiovasc Transl Res 4:35-41
Zhang, Yuan; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Lu, Zhibing et al. (2009) Comparison of atrial fibrillation inducibility by electrical stimulation of either the extrinsic or the intrinsic autonomic nervous systems. J Interv Card Electrophysiol 24:5-10
Ghias, Muhammad; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Lu, Zhibing et al. (2009) The role of ganglionated plexi in apnea-related atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 54:2075-83
Niu, Guodong; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Lu, Zhibing et al. (2009) An acute experimental model demonstrating 2 different forms of sustained atrial tachyarrhythmias. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2:384-92
Lin, Jiaxiong; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Niu, Guodong et al. (2009) Autonomic elements within the ligament of Marshall and inferior left ganglionated plexus mediate functions of the atrial neural network. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 20:318-24
Lu, Zhibing; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Lin, Jiaxiong et al. (2009) Autonomic mechanism for initiation of rapid firing from atria and pulmonary veins: evidence by ablation of ganglionated plexi. Cardiovasc Res 84:245-52
Lu, Zhibing; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Lin, Jiaxiong et al. (2008) Atrial fibrillation begets atrial fibrillation: autonomic mechanism for atrial electrical remodeling induced by short-term rapid atrial pacing. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 1:184-92
Lin, Jiaxiong; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Lu, Zhibing et al. (2008) Inducibility of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias along the ligament of marshall: role of autonomic factors. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 19:955-62
Zhou, Jing; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Niu, Guodong et al. (2008) Anatomy and physiology of the right interganglionic nerve: implications for the pathophysiology of inappropriate sinus tachycardia. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 19:971-6
Lu, Zhibing; Scherlag, Benjamin J; Lin, Jiaxiong et al. (2008) Autonomic mechanism for complex fractionated atrial electrograms: evidence by fast fourier transform analysis. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 19:835-42

Showing the most recent 10 out of 17 publications