The overall goal of this K24 award proposal is to further the development of Dr. Spivack into an exceptional trans-disciplinary patient-oriented research mentor, capable of guiding trainees from developing a clinical hypothesis to formulation of a series of answerable component questions. Key components of that mentorship role will include the articulation of critical aspects of relevant human study design;invoking, where applicable, the creative procurement and analyses of relevant tissue biomarkers by collaboration with appropriate laboratory support;and engagement of sophisticated data analytic techniques to definitively address the hypotheses in a clinically-meaningful manner. The overall aim of the proposal is therefore to support this translational mentorship function.
The Specific Aims are: 1) Provide protected time for the PI to further train in epidemiology and statistics, particularly with respect to accrual and analysis of multi-dimensional observational datasets, both case-control/cross-sectional, and prospective cohorts with a time dimension. This will include those studies invoking genetic data analyses, and in prevention trials design and analyses. 2) Provide clinical-translational mentorship for one to two junior clinical faculty members, and a continuous rotation of two to four Pulmonary Medicine or Medical Oncology post-doctoral clinical fellows, at any given time over the project period. 3) Initiate the assessment of prospective cohort-based clinical risk, invoking clinical and airway-specific molecular biomarker analyses of common lung diseases (lung cancer, asthma, COPD), for facilitating the development of early detection and prevention strategies. The current capacity of the Spivack laboratory to develop, sample, accrue and analyze a population, and to conceive, develop and apply state-of-art molecular methodologies for airway disease biomarker analyses to the same population, provides a very unique training opportunity for clinical and other post-doctoral trainees in Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine, Oncology, and in translational research in general. Facilitated by a K24 award, the mentoring experience will be markedly enhanced, as will a shift to evaluating existing prospective cohorts, in a trans-disciplinary manner. The research questions are fundamentally clinical: (1) Can we identify individuals at risk for lung cancer, asthma, and COPD, to facilitate early detection strategies? (2) Can we intervene in individuals, to reduce that risk, using preventive strategies?

Public Health Relevance

The importance of developing junior faculty and clinical trainees into the next generation of clinical researchers is a central investment in the future of medicine and public health. To facilitate that development, this award will allow the PI to develop and pursue such mentoring activities, in the context of population-based research efforts. These efforts will link clinical features and novel airway biomarkers for early detection of lung cancer, and detection and monitoring of asthma and COPD.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research (K24)
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Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Program Officer
Lim, Susan E
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Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Mullapudi, Nandita; Ye, Bin; Suzuki, Masako et al. (2015) Genome Wide Methylome Alterations in Lung Cancer. PLoS One 10:e0143826
Heiden, Katherine B; Williamson, Ashley J; Doscas, Michelle E et al. (2014) The sonic hedgehog signaling pathway maintains the cancer stem cell self-renewal of anaplastic thyroid cancer by inducing snail expression. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99:E2178-87
Lin, Juan; Marquardt, Gabrielle; Mullapudi, Nandita et al. (2014) Lung cancer transcriptomes refined with laser capture microdissection. Am J Pathol 184:2868-84
Alberg, Anthony J; Brock, Malcolm V; Ford, Jean G et al. (2013) Epidemiology of lung cancer: Diagnosis and management of lung cancer, 3rd ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest 143:e1S-29S
Han, Weiguo; Shi, Miao; Spivack, Simon D (2013) Site-specific methylated reporter constructs for functional analysis of DNA methylation. Epigenetics 8:1176-87
Shi, Miao; Han, Weiguo; Spivack, Simon D (2013) A quantitative method to identify microRNAs targeting a messenger RNA using a 3'UTR RNA affinity technique. Anal Biochem 443:1-12
Tan, Xiang-Lin; Marquardt, Gaby; Massimi, Aldo B et al. (2012) High-throughput library screening identifies two novel NQO1 inducers in human lung cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 46:365-71
Sundar, Isaac K; Mullapudi, Nandita; Yao, Hongwei et al. (2011) Lung cancer and its association with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: update on nexus of epigenetics. Curr Opin Pulm Med 17:279-85
St George, Kirsten; Fuschino, Meghan E; Mokhiber, Katharine et al. (2010) Exhaled breath condensate appears to be an unsuitable specimen type for the detection of influenza viruses with nucleic acid-based methods. J Virol Methods 163:144-6
Bessette, Erin E; Spivack, Simon D; Goodenough, Angela K et al. (2010) Identification of carcinogen DNA adducts in human saliva by linear quadrupole ion trap/multistage tandem mass spectrometry. Chem Res Toxicol 23:1234-44

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