This application is for a Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented research (K24). It is intended to provide support for Roy Weiss as a clinical investigator to devote focused time for patient orientated research and to act as a mentor for beginning clinical investigators. Dr. Weiss' accomplishments as a clinical investigator and mentor for medical students, residents and fellows make this goal realistic. The research plan is to investigate the role of nuclear cofactors regulating thyroid physiology and disease in man. Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for normal growth and development as well as maintenance of metabolic activity in the adult. TH action is mediated by intranuclear thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) which regulate the transcription of hormone responsive genes. Coregulators are nuclear proteins which interact with liganded or unliganded nuclear receptors to further modulate the transcription of TR targeted genes. The coregulators may either be corepressors, which inhibit transcription in the absence of TH, or coactivators which stimulate transcriptional activation of the liganded TR. The hypothesis guiding the proposed studies is that defects in cofactors or TRs involved in the mediation of TH action are responsible for the manifestation of diseases of thyroid hormone responsiveness, namely, resistance to TH (RTH) and hypersensitivity to TH. It is proposed to: (1) search in vivo for subtle resistance to glucocorticoids and sex hormones in patients with RTH with and without TR mutations. Identification of such defects will help define the in vivo function of specific cofactors in man. (2) Determine if variability in the phenotype of RTH is due to differences in cofactors that modulate TH action. (3) Determine the cause for hypersensitivity to TH. This will allow clinicians to better identify factors influencing thyroid function.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research (K24)
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Study Section
Endocrinology Study Section (END)
Program Officer
Wilde, David B
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University of Chicago
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Hannoush, Zeina C; Weiss, Roy E (2017) Defects of Thyroid Hormone Synthesis and Action. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 46:375-388
Moeller, Lars C; Wardrip, Craig; Niekrasz, Marek et al. (2009) Comparison of thyroidectomized calf serum and stripped serum for the study of thyroid hormone action in human skin fibroblasts in vitro. Thyroid 19:639-44
Zamproni, Ilaria; Grasberger, Helmut; Cortinovis, Francesca et al. (2008) Biallelic inactivation of the dual oxidase maturation factor 2 (DUOXA2) gene as a novel cause of congenital hypothyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:605-10
Refetoff, Samuel (2008) Resistance to thyroid hormone: one of several defects causing reduced sensitivity to thyroid hormone. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 4:1
Moeller, Lars C; Alonso, Manuela; Liao, Xiaohui et al. (2007) Pituitary-thyroid setpoint and thyrotropin receptor expression in consomic rats. Endocrinology 148:4727-33
Brown, Rebecca L; Wollman, Robert; Weiss, Roy E (2007) Transformation of a pituitary macroadenoma into to a corticotropin-secreting carcinoma over 16 years. Endocr Pract 13:463-71
Alonso, Manuela; Goodwin, Charles; Liao, XiaoHui et al. (2007) Effects of maternal levels of thyroid hormone (TH) on the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid set point: studies in TH receptor beta knockout mice. Endocrinology 148:5305-12
Mamanasiri, Sunee; Yesil, Sena; Dumitrescu, Alexandra M et al. (2006) Mosaicism of a thyroid hormone receptor-beta gene mutation in resistance to thyroid hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:3471-7
Wu, Sharon Y; Cohen, Ronald N; Simsek, Enver et al. (2006) A novel thyroid hormone receptor-beta mutation that fails to bind nuclear receptor corepressor in a patient as an apparent cause of severe, predominantly pituitary resistance to thyroid hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1887-95
Ramos, Helton E; Weiss, Roy E (2006) Regulation of nuclear coactivator and corepressor expression in mouse cerebellum by thyroid hormone. Thyroid 16:211-6

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