The goal of this Program-Project Grant (PPG) is to use the tools of modern genetics to elucidate the basic mechanisms that underlie the early stages of hepatocellular carcinogenesis. The focus of the research will be to understand those steps that influence the growth of initiated Cells and to define those events that lead to expression of the malignant phenotype. In classical terms, we are attempting to understand the steps of promotion and progression. Each of these projects will employ complementary approaches to understand these processes, with an emphasis on the use of murine models, chemical modifiers of carcinogenesis, and the tools of molecular genetics. The projects include: (1) Genetic modifiers of murine hepatocarcinogenesis by N. Drinkwater;and (2) Quantifying gene effects on hepatic cancer in vivo by E. Sandgren. Three modest core services (Administration, Animal Technology and Histotechnology) will support this effort. The program maintains a clear focus on hepatocellular cancers, yet, the experiments are designed so that the resultant understanding of liver cancer can be directly applicable to all types of solid tumors. Because of the unique focus and expertise of each of the co-investigators, and due to the exceptional collaborative environment generated by this PPG, the overall contributions that result from the whole program will greatly exceed the sum of the contributions that could be obtained if each project was performed in isolation. Upon completion of this proposal, it is anticipated that we will have furthered our understanding of how chemicals influence the growth controls of initiated cells within the liver. Furthermore, we will have gained molecular insights into the murine model of liver cancer that will allow us to more effectively extrapolate cancer data from animal models to the human condition.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Program Officer
Blair, Donald G
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University of Wisconsin Madison
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Xia, Chuanwu; Rwere, Freeborn; Im, Sangchoul et al. (2018) Structural and Kinetic Studies of Asp632 Mutants and Fully Reduced NADPH-Cytochrome P450 Oxidoreductase Define the Role of Asp632 Loop Dynamics in the Control of NADPH Binding and Hydride Transfer. Biochemistry 57:945-962
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Stein, Timothy J; Bowden, Margaret; Sandgren, Eric P (2011) Minimal cooperation between mutant Hras and c-myc or TGF? in the regulation of mouse hepatocyte growth or transformation in vivo. Liver Int 31:1298-305
Xia, Chuanwu; Hamdane, Djemel; Shen, Anna L et al. (2011) Conformational changes of NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase are essential for catalysis and cofactor binding. J Biol Chem 286:16246-60
Shen, Anna L; O'Leary, Kathleen A; Dubielzig, Richard R et al. (2010) The PPCD1 mouse: characterization of a mouse model for posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy and identification of a candidate gene. PLoS One 5:e12213

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