? Project 2, Patterns of Care and Care Transitions in AYA Cancer Survivors Each year, almost 70,000 AYAs aged 15-39 years are diagnosed with cancer in the United States, yet little is known about their patterns of post-treatment healthcare utilization, care experiences, or patient-reported outcomes. Prior research demonstrates that AYA survivors may experience multiple challenges during post- treatment care, including poor continuity of care, inadequate patient-provider communication, and receipt of suboptimal post-treatment healthcare services despite available national clinical care guidelines. To advance research, impact clinical guidelines, and improve AYA cancer care, we need evidence on patterns of care, patient healthcare experiences and barriers to care, and patient-reported outcomes among AYA survivors, particularly during the transition to early survivorship. To address gaps in current knowledge, our project aims to: 1) evaluate patterns of outpatient, emergency, and inpatient service utilization among AYA survivors and determine variations by patient-, provider-, and system-level factors; 2) examine patient-reported care experiences and barriers to care, focusing on perceived coordination of care and communication with providers; and 3) determine the relationship between receipt of guideline-concordant outpatient services and patient-reported outcomes. We will leverage data from AYA survivors 2?5 years post diagnosis from integrated healthcare systems, state-based data resources, and patient surveys.
In Aim 1, we will use data from >60,000 AYA survivors from five large-scale geographically diverse data resources, including Kaiser Permanente Northern and Southern California (KPNC, KPSC) electronic health records and research databases, the California and Utah Cancer Registries linked to corresponding state hospitalization databases, and linked data from the North Carolina Cancer Registry and administrative claims. We will use these population-based data to evaluate patterns of care among individuals diagnosed between 2006 and 2016 with the 10 most common AYA-onset cancers.
In Aim 2, we will use data from the P01 Survey of 5,000 AYA cancer survivors from KPNC, KPSC, and North Carolina populations to describe care experiences 2?5 years post diagnosis.
In Aim 3, we will determine concordance of post-treatment care for four cancer types (N=6,281) with national guidelines and evaluate the association of guideline-concordant care measured through KPNC and KPSC electronic databases with patient-reported survey-based outcomes. This innovative study will be among the first to examine the transition to early survivorship care in a large and diverse AYA population. Our project aims and analyses are central to our P01 program and complement other projects through focus on similar cancer sites in subgroup analyses (Project 1, 3) and by providing datasets classifying guideline concordance for other analyses (Project 3). Collectively, our results will advance the state of AYA research, inform clinical guidelines, and provide actionable findings for patient-, provider-, and system-level interventions to improve care quality and outcomes among AYA cancer survivors.

Public Health Relevance

? Project 2, Patterns of Care and Care Transitions in AYA Cancer Survivors The goal of this project is to investigate patterns of healthcare utilization among adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors, assess patient-reported care experiences and barriers to appropriate care during early survivorship, and understand associations between concordance with national clinical care guidelines and patient-reported outcomes. We will use data from multiple healthcare systems and state-based resources and reports from AYA cancer survivors themselves to generate essential insights to improve care and outcomes for this population.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
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Kaiser Foundation Research Institute
United States
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