Environmental/dietary models of steatosis Genetics can contribute to alcohol intake differences in mice(15; 16), however this grant will focus on the contribution of genetics to the development of steatosis. Both genetics and environmental factors can contribute to hepatic lipogenesis and steatosis. Several dietary models of steatosis have been used. These include the high fat high sucrose (HFHS) diet, the methionine-restricted choline-deficient (MCD) and the ethanol containing diet. The mouse strain, B6 is a well-accepted model of diet-induced obesity (17). The B6 mice fed a HFHS diet for 16 weeks increase their body weight by 15% and develop fatty liver. The MCD model is a diet-induced model that affects packaging of lipid for transport and fatty acid oxidation resulting in development of macrovesicular fat in the liver (18). Chronic ingestion of ethanol using the Lieber-DeCarli ethanol liquid diet or intragastric ethanol feeding cause hepatic steatosis and hepatic injury in a variety of animal models, modeling the pathogenesis of early stages of ALD in humans (19;20). The mechanism by which steatosis and hepatic injury develops from alcohol and diet-induced obesity is not fully understood. The purpose of this grant is to investigate the genetic susceptibility and the mechanisms for the development of steatosis and hepatic injury in novel genetic animal models, the CSS mice. We hypothesize that although the progression of steatosis to cirrhosis is similar from chronic alcohol consumption and from obesity, the genetic susceptibility to liver injury is different.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Exploratory Grants (P20)
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Cleveland Clinic Lerner
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Wegner, Scott A; Pollard, Katherine A; Kharazia, Viktor et al. (2017) Limited Excessive Voluntary Alcohol Drinking Leads to Liver Dysfunction in Mice. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 41:345-358
Zhou, Hao; Yu, Minjia; Zhao, Junjie et al. (2016) IRAKM-Mincle axis links cell death to inflammation: Pathophysiological implications for chronic alcoholic liver disease. Hepatology 64:1978-1993
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Golub, Haleigh M; Zhou, Qi-Gang; Zucker, Hannah et al. (2015) Chronic Alcohol Exposure is Associated with Decreased Neurogenesis, Aberrant Integration of Newborn Neurons, and Cognitive Dysfunction in Female Mice. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 39:1967-77
Berisha, Stela Z; Brubaker, Greg; Kasumov, Takhar et al. (2015) HDL from apoA1 transgenic mice expressing the 4WF isoform is resistant to oxidative loss of function. J Lipid Res 56:653-64
Tsien, Cynthia; Davuluri, Gangarao; Singh, Dharmvir et al. (2015) Metabolic and molecular responses to leucine-enriched branched chain amino acid supplementation in the skeletal muscle of alcoholic cirrhosis. Hepatology 61:2018-29

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