Racial and ethnic minorities in the United States experience an alarming disproportionate burden of disease, especially in the southern region of the country, where Mississippi ranks lowest on many health indicators, the """"""""Most Obese State,"""""""" and. the """"""""No. 1 Unhealthy State."""""""" Therefore, Jackson State University proposes to build an Exploratory Center of Excellence to address and understand health disparities of obesity in collaboration with Its partners, the University of Alabama, and Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Mississippi. The Center will focus on understanding minority health disparities through intensive, multidisciplinary research projects and approaches designed to accelerate the translation of research findings into improvements in patient care, community health, and education and training of current and future health disparity researchers and practitioners. The overarching objective will be to reduce health disparities in obesity and to accelerate the translation of research findings to improve health outcomes and quality of life for at-risk populations, adult ethnic minorities who reside In Mississippi. The Specified Aims are to: 1) develop and maintain an administrative and institutional infrastructure to support the project as a whole;2) advance scientific understanding of the interrelationship between abdominal obesity and genetics;3) carry out translational research that will contribute to knowledge and eliminate health disparities;4) provide exemplary research training and education activities to students and junior faculty from health disparity populations to increase the numbers of well trained researchers from minority and health disparity populations;and. 5) to engage minority and health disparity communities in effective and sustainable partnerships and activities for improving the health of their communities, increasing the numbers of individuals from minority and health disparity populations engaged in research activities for increasing health literacy and knowledge of health disparities. Most significantly, the Center will enhance the quality and quantity of research on minority health and health disparities, provide high quality research career development training, and strengthen community ties.

Public Health Relevance

; This project has much public health relevance in that it will utilize multi-transdisciplinary research approaches and strategies to implement multi-level individual, population-based, and policy interventions to address health disparities, especially, as related to obesity, becoming a model in understanding and improving the health of minorities and underserved populations in Mississippi.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Exploratory Grants (P20)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN (01))
Program Officer
Tabor, Derrick C
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Jackson State University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Allied Health Profes
United States
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Mendy, Vincent L; Vargas, Rodolfo; Cannon-Smith, Gerri et al. (2018) Food Insecurity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Mississippi Adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health 15:
Sims, Jennifer N; Yedjou, Clement G; Abugri, Daniel et al. (2018) Racial Disparities and Preventive Measures to Renal Cell Carcinoma. Int J Environ Res Public Health 15:
White, Monique; Addison, Clifton; Jenkins, Brenda W Campbell et al. (2017) Factors Affecting Dietary Practices in a Mississippi African American Community. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Yedjou, Clement G; Tchounwou, Paul B; Payton, Marinelle et al. (2017) Assessing the Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Breast Cancer Mortality in the United States. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Isokpehi, Raphael D; Simmons, Shaneka S; Johnson, Matilda O et al. (2017) Genomic Evidence for Bacterial Determinants Influencing Obesity Development. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
White, Monique S; Addison, Clifton C; Jenkins, Brenda W Campbell et al. (2017) Optimistic Bias, Risk Factors, and Development of High Blood Pressure and Obesity among African American Adolescents in Mississippi (USA). Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Qobadi, Mina; Payton, Marinelle (2017) Racial Disparities in Obesity Prevalence in Mississippi: Role of Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Physical Activity. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Sarpong, Daniel F; Curry, India Y; Williams, Melinda (2017) Assessment of Knowledge of Critical Cardiovascular Risk Indicators among College Students: Does Stage of Education Matter? Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Horowitz, Carol R; Shameer, Khader; Gabrilove, Janice et al. (2017) Accelerators: Sparking Innovation and Transdisciplinary Team Science in Disparities Research. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Mendy, Vincent L; Vargas, Rodolfo; Payton, Marinelle (2017) Trends in mortality rates by subtypes of heart disease in Mississippi, 1980-2013. BMC Cardiovasc Disord 17:158

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