This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.Diabetic nephropathy is a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. The earliest morphological changes accompanying diabetic nephropathy are hemodynamic and structural changes in the renal glomerular and tubular compartments. At the cellular level, hypertrophy of themesangial cells is a hallmark of these early changes. Multiple lines of experimental evidence have revealed a prominent role for the interplay of the angiotensin II receptor type 1A (AT1 A) and p27Kip1 in diabetic mesangial cell hypertrophy. p27Kip1 is a cell cycle inhibitor that normally must be degraded to enableprogression from G1 to S phase. During hyperglycemia, p27Kip1 is inappropriately stabilized through signaling events from the AT1 A. An effector of the AT1A called RCBTB1 is required for the induction of cellular hypertrophy, but the function of RCBTB1 and how it contributes to hypertrophy following hyperglycemia are unknown. We have discovered that RCBTB1 is a component of the ubiquitin system and that the same domain of RCBTB1 that binds to the AT1A also interacts with UBE2E3, a ubiquitin conjugating enzyme. Our hypothesis is that UBE2E3 and RCBTB1 modulate the AT1A in a ubiquitin-dependent fashion to contribute to p27Kip1-dependent, mesangial cell hypertrophy. Our model system is rat mesangial cells, a well-characterized glomerular cell model that recapitulates the hypertrophy observed in diabeticnephropathy.
Our specific aims are: (1) to biochemically map the complexes formed between the AT1 A, RCBTB1, and UBE2E3, and (2) to determine if disrupting the expression/function of RCBTB1 and UBE2E3 alters p27Kip stabilization and cellular hypertrophy in response to high glucose. These studies will be done in tissue culture cells and complemented by studies in an STZ-rodent model of diabetic nephropathy. Kidneys from these animals will be analyzed histologically, immunohistologically, and biochemically for hypertrophy and p27Kip1 accumulation. To complement these aims, we will generate mice null for UBE2E3or RCBTB1. These animals will provide us with powerful tools to study UBE2E3 and RCBTB1 by genetic and physiological methods in validated animal models of diabetic disease. Collectively, the information learned from these studies may contribute to the rational design of new treatment options for diabetic nephropathy. Such therapies are desperately needed as the incidence of diabetes and renal failure escalate

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University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Oklahoma City
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