The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is a research-intensive health sciences campus. With this award, the UCSF School of Dentistry will hire three new Assistant Professors to develop research projects within an existing multi-disciplinary biomedical core center, the UCSF Center to Address Disparities in Children's Oral Health, which includes faculty from multiple departments at UCSF and other universities. Faculty will also have access to collaborative activities across campus, particularly through the UCSF Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CTSI), the Center for Health and Community, and the Center for Health Professions. The overall goal of this Center is to conduct research to reduce oral health disparities. The specific research focus is to improve our ability to understand, prevent, and eliminate early childhood caries through prevention, early diagnosis and treatment with children and their caregivers. The new investigators will enhance our efforts from three perspectives - laboratory-based cariology research, systems-based medical sociology/health policy research, and sophisticated statistical analysis. Each person will be appointed in a School of Dentistry home department that is committed to providing an additional two years of support beyond this award's initial two years. Each also will be jointly appointed in a second department in another UCSF school, either the School of Medicine or Nursing and have multiple, senior researchers as mentors.
The specific aims are: To appoint three Independent, tenure-track equivalent research intensive Assistant Professors at the UCSF School of Dentistry, one with research training in cariology, one with training in sociology of healthcare systems and health policy, and one in biostatistics. To expand existing Institutional strengths, capacity and the scientific mission of the NIH-funded UCSF Center to Address Disparities in Children's Oral Health (NIH/NIDCR U54 DE019285). To provide career development resources, Infrastructure, mentoring and a collaborative, multidisciplinary environment to foster the scientific success of the new investigators as evidenced by their research productivity. These new investigators will strengthen our ability to understand oral health disparities from both micro and macro-levels, expand our overall impact on the research field, and build research capacity.

Public Health Relevance

The proposal has strong public health relevance. It is responsive to the NIDCR draft strategic plan, 2009-13, Goal IV: Apply rigorous, multidisciplinary research approaches to eliminate disparities in oral, dental and craniofacial health. The dental caries focus is responsive to two Healthy People 2010 Oral Health Objectives: To reduce the proportion of young children aged 2-4 years with 1) dental caries experience in their primary teeth to 11 percent;and 2) with untreated dental caries in their primary teeth to 9 percent.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30DE020752-02
Application #
7934059
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDE1-MK (33))
Program Officer
Hardwick, Kevin S
Project Start
2009-09-17
Project End
2012-08-31
Budget Start
2010-09-01
Budget End
2012-08-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$690,082
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Dentistry
Type
Schools of Dentistry
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
Mertz, Elizabeth; Calvo, Jean; Wides, Cynthia et al. (2017) The Black dentist workforce in the United States. J Public Health Dent 77:136-147
Mertz, Elizabeth; Wides, Cynthia; Calvo, Jean et al. (2017) The Hispanic and Latino dentist workforce in the United States. J Public Health Dent 77:163-173
Mertz, Elizabeth; Wides, Cynthia; Gates, Paul (2017) The American Indian and Alaska Native dentist workforce in the United States. J Public Health Dent 77:125-135
Yip, Wai-Ki; Bonetti, Marco; Cole, Bernard F et al. (2016) Subpopulation Treatment Effect Pattern Plot (STEPP) analysis for continuous, binary, and count outcomes. Clin Trials 13:382-90
Mertz, Elizabeth; Wides, Cynthia; Cooke, Alexis et al. (2016) Tracking workforce diversity in dentistry: importance, methods, and challenges. J Public Health Dent 76:38-46
Mertz, Elizabeth A; Wides, Cynthia D; Kottek, Aubri M et al. (2016) Underrepresented Minority Dentists: Quantifying Their Numbers And Characterizing The Communities They Serve. Health Aff (Millwood) 35:2190-2199
Lazar, Ann A; Bonetti, Marco; Cole, Bernard F et al. (2016) Identifying treatment effect heterogeneity in clinical trials using subpopulations of events: STEPP. Clin Trials 13:169-79
Wides, Cynthia; Alam, Sonia Rab; Mertz, Elizabeth (2014) Shaking up the dental safety-net: elimination of optional adult dental Medicaid benefits in California. J Health Care Poor Underserved 25:151-64
Wides, Cynthia D; Brody, Harvey A; Alexander, Charles J et al. (2013) Long-term outcomes of a dental postbaccalaureate program: increasing dental student diversity and oral health care access. J Dent Educ 77:537-47
Lazar, Ann A; Gansky, Stuart A; Halstead, Donald D et al. (2013) Improving Patient Care Using the Johnson-Neyman Analysis of Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects According to Individuals' Baseline Characteristics. J Dent Oral Craniofac Epidemiol 1:19-33

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