: The Prevention Research Center (PRC) is one of 18 national alcohol research centers sponsored by NIAAA and the only one specializing in community prevention. The primary objective of PRC is to conduct basic and applied research leading to the development of effective prevention programs to reduce alcohol abuse and related problems. Research at the Center focuses on (1) developing a better understanding of the psychosocial, economic and ecological determinants of individual problem behaviors related to alcohol and (2) designing, implementing and evaluating effective prevention polices and programs. The Center consists of a Core administrative and technical component, 4 research components, and 1 educational component. Component 1 - """"""""Administrative Core"""""""" - provides administrative and technical support for the center components and other individual research grants, and includes a portion of the time of the Principal Investigator/Scientific Director, GIS Specialist, Computer Systems Administrator, Librarian, and Administrative Associate. The Principal Investigator oversees management of the Center and (via the core) insures overall scientific integrity of all research conducted at PRC. Component 2 - """"""""The Social Ecology of Drinking and Driving: A Two Population Model"""""""" studies the social mechanisms relating drinking contexts to drunken driving. Component 3 - """"""""Neighborhoods, Alcohol Outlets and Intimate Partner Violence"""""""" examines how alcohol outlets and neighborhood factors moderate violence among couples. Component 4 - """"""""Social Mechanisms of Child Physical Abuse and Neglect"""""""" considers how parents'use of drinking places affects rates of child abuse and neglect. Component 5 - """"""""Local Alcohol Policies, Enforcement, and Underage Drinking"""""""" examines how community variations in alcohol policies and enforcement affect underage drinking trajectories. Component 6 - Dissemination and Adoption of Science-Based Prevention"""""""" disseminates the results of the Center's research activities to support the adoption of science-based prevention at all intervention levels with emphasis in the current application upon community-specific activities. Emphasizing the development of new ecological approaches to the prevention of alcohol problems at the community level, these highly integrated research activities will be supported by large-scale archival and telephone survey data acquisition systems collecting coordinated data across 50 cities in California.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Comprehensive Center (P60)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-BB (11))
Program Officer
Hilton, Michael E
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Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
United States
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Grube, Joel W; DeJong, William; DeJong, Maureen et al. (2018) Effects of a responsible retailing mystery shop intervention on age verification by servers and clerks in alcohol outlets: A cluster randomised cross-over trial. Drug Alcohol Rev 37:774-781
Gorman, Dennis M; Ponicki, William R; Zheng, Qi et al. (2018) Violent crime redistribution in a city following a substantial increase in the number of off-sale alcohol outlets: A Bayesian analysis. Drug Alcohol Rev 37:348-355
Lee, Juliet P; Pagano, Anna; Moore, Roland S et al. (2018) Impacts of alcohol availability on Tribal lands where alcohol is prohibited: A community-partnered qualitative investigation. Int J Drug Policy 54:77-86
Yau, Rebecca K; Paschall, Mallie J (2018) Epidemiology of asphyxiation suicides in the United States, 2005-2014. Inj Epidemiol 5:1
Thrul, Johannes; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Grube, Joel W (2018) Do Associations Between Drinking Event Characteristics and Underage Drinking Differ by Drinking Location? J Stud Alcohol Drugs 79:417-422
Lipton, Robert; Ponicki, William R; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2018) Space-Time Analyses of Alcohol Outlets and Related Motor Vehicle Crashes: Associations at City and Census Block-Group Levels. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 42:1113-1121
Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Paschall, Mallie J; Robert F, Saltz et al. (2018) Places and social contexts associated with simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana among young adults. Drug Alcohol Rev 37:188-195
Jin, Zhuxuan; Chang, Howard H; Ponicki, William R et al. (2018) Longitudinal impacts of two causal drivers of alcohol demand on outlet concentrations within community settings: Population size and income effects. Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 27:21-28
Caetano, Raul; Gruenewald, Paul; Vaeth, Patrice A C et al. (2018) DSM-5 Alcohol Use Disorder Severity in Puerto Rico: Prevalence, Criteria Profile, and Correlates. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 42:378-386
Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Finan, Laura J; Grube, Joel W (2018) Social and situational characteristics associated with adolescents' drinking at party and non-party events. Addict Behav 83:148-153

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