The Candidate is a clinical nutritionist and young investigator dedicated to developing an academic research career focused on the identification and characterization of molecular mechanisms stemming from ethanol induced gut dysbiosis which contribute to ethanol-induced organ injury. With a strong background in clinical nutrition and interest in the gut microbiota, the candidate has developed particular expertise in the use of different mouse models that represent gut dysbiosis, as seen in clinical practice, to test specific hypotheses involved in development of intestinal and liver injury. Use of these model systems has revealed an important role for the fermentation byproduct butyrate in protecting intestinal health. The Candidate's recent and current work has provided her with the opportunity to develop her own research program and begin her transition to independence. The Career Development plan described in this proposal outlines 2-years of mentored training which includes technical skills training in addition to career development activities designed to promote the successful transition to independence. A 3-year program of independent scientific and career development after successful recruitment as an Assistant Professor position to a competitive academic research institution affiliated with a medical center is also outlined. The Candidate's Mentor has a proven track-record of excellent scientific productivity and successful mentorship and can provide the Candidate with a solid research environment in her lab at the Lerner Research Institute at the Cleveland Clinic. Research plan: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and subsequent economic burden. Although great strides have been made in understanding the mechanisms by which ALD is induced, progresses, and resolves, these discoveries have not yet led to improved therapeutic strategies which target the cause rather than symptoms of ALD. The gut microbiota is disturbed by chronic ethanol consumption, which is associated with altered gut permeability, endotoxemia and ALD. Our studies demonstrate the importance of butyrate in protecting gut health and dampening ethanol induced intestine and liver injury. Prior research efforts targeting ethanol induced gut dysbiosis are promising, but not lasting, likely because they did not target the butyrate-producing bacteria known to be depleted by ethanol consumption. Due to the vital role of butyrate in maintaining gut health, we hypothesize that manipulating the host's gut microbiota to enhance butyrate yield will promote lasting correction of gut dysbiosis and normalize intestinal and liver abnormalities caused by chronic ethanol exposure. In three specific aims, we will test the efficacy of a synbiotic, designed to enhance butyrate-producing bacteria and cross-feed fermentation byproducts into butyrate, in rescuing ethanol induced intestine and liver injury in both mice and humans, and determine the mechanisms of butyrate protection in intestinal cell health during ethanol exposure. We expect the results of these aims will provide future molecular targets and novel therapies to treat ethanol induced gut dysbiosis and subsequent organ injury.
Alcoholic liver disease is a major health burden in the United States. This project aims to discover and test therapies directed at correcting gut dysbiosis caused by ethanol exposure to improve alcoholic liver disease. The results from the project will provide novel targets as well as feasibility for future medical and/or nutritional therapies.
|Roychowdhury, Sanjoy; Cadnum, Jennifer; Glueck, Bryan et al. (2018) Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and a Prebiotic Protect Intestinal Health in a Mouse Model of Antibiotic and Clostridium difficile Exposure. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 42:1156-1167|
|Glueck, B; Han, Y; Cresci, G A M (2018) Tributyrin Supplementation Protects Immune Responses and Vasculature and Reduces Oxidative Stress in the Proximal Colon of Mice Exposed to Chronic-Binge Ethanol Feeding. J Immunol Res 2018:9671919|
|Boule, Lisbeth A; Ju, Cynthia; Agudelo, Marisela et al. (2018) Summary of the 2016 Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting. Alcohol 66:35-43|
|Bhesania, Natalie; Cresci, Gail A M (2017) A nutritional approach for managing irritable bowel syndrome. Curr Opin Pediatr 29:584-591|
|Cresci, Gail A M; Mayor, Paul C; Thompson, Stuart A (2017) Effect of butyrate and Lactobacillus GG on a butyrate receptor and transporter during Campylobacter jejuni exposure. FEMS Microbiol Lett 364:|