We seek to continue our program of research on drinking restraint (i.e., the preoccupation with controlling alcohol intake). Restrained drinkers balance between the temptation to drink and the regulation of alcohol intake. We broaden our conceptual framework to consider the role of affect in the regulation of drinking by young-adult (age 21-30 years) social drinkers, who may be at risk for alcohol abuse. Our framework integrates distal and proximal cognitive and affective factors. The distal cognitive factors include drinking restraint and alcohol expectancies. Distal affect includes positive (extraversion, life satisfaction) and negative (neuroticism, depression) factors. The proximal cognitive factors are drinking motives (coping, enhancement) and the proximal affective factors are mood (positive, negative) before drinking. We hypothesize that the distal and proximal factors directly predict regulation outcomes related to nonbinge (< 4 drinks/day) and binge (> 5 drinks/day, alcohol problems) drinking. The proximal factors serve as intervening variables between the distal factors and alcohol regulation outcomes. We will: 1) Conduct a cross-sectional test of the proposed conceptual framework to identify the relative contributions of distal and proximal cognitive and affective factors in drinking regulation outcomes. A large sample of young adults will complete questionnaires that represent the constructs of interest and we will use structural equation modeling to test the conceptual framework. 2) Examine the role of proximal mood (positive and negative) and situational cognitions (i.e., drinking motives) as well as the contributions of trait affective and cognitive factors in situational drinking. We will conduct an experiment in which we induce mood (positive, negative, neutral) just prior to an ad libitum drinking task and assess situational drinking motives. In hierarchical multiple regressions, alcohol-related dependent variables will be regressed on trait and state variables, which are entered in an order that is consistent with the conceptual framework. 3) Examine whether changing proximal predictors of drinking (use mood regulation to change moods, behavioral strategies to change motives, or both) will enhance young adults' ability to regulate their alcohol intake. Participants will be randomly assigned to a 2-session intervention with follow-ups at 1-, 3-, and 6-months. Data from daily self-monitoring using cellular phones and interactive voice response (IVR) software will provide a detailed long-term perspective on situational antecedents of drinking. The proposed studies are innovative in their use of complementary methods (questionnaires, experiment, daily monitoring) and technology (cellular phones, IVR) to explore the role of cognitive and affective variables in an integrative conceptual model of drinking regulation.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-RPHB-4 (01))
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Freeman, Robert
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State University of New York at Buffalo
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Kashdan, Todd B; Ferssizidis, Patty; Collins, R Lorraine et al. (2010) Emotion differentiation as resilience against excessive alcohol use: an ecological momentary assessment in underage social drinkers. Psychol Sci 21:1341-7
Kashdan, Todd B; Collins, R Lorraine (2010) Social anxiety and the experience of positive emotion and anger in everyday life: an ecological momentary assessment approach. Anxiety Stress Coping 23:259-72
Collins, R Lorraine; Kashdan, Todd B; Koutsky, James R et al. (2008) A self-administered Timeline Followback to measure variations in underage drinkers'alcohol intake and binge drinking. Addict Behav 33:196-200
Neal, Dan J; Fromme, Kim; Boca, Frances K et al. (2006) Capturing the moment: innovative approaches to daily alcohol assessment. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:282-91
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Morsheimer, Elizabeth T et al. (2005) The morning after: limit violations and the self-regulation of alcohol consumption. Psychol Addict Behav 19:253-62
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Shiffman, Saul et al. (2005) Daily fluctuations in self-control demands and alcohol intake. Psychol Addict Behav 19:140-7
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Morsheimer, Elizabeth T et al. (2005) One too many: predicting future alcohol consumption following heavy drinking. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 13:127-36
Kashdan, Todd B; Vetter, Charlene J; Collins, R Lorraine (2005) Substance use in young adults: associations with personality and gender. Addict Behav 30:259-69
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Nienhaus, Kristen (2002) Self-control and alcohol restraint: an initial application of the self-control strength model. Psychol Addict Behav 16:113-20
Collins, R L; Koutsky, J R; Morsheimer, E T et al. (2001) Binge drinking among underage college students: a test of a restraint-based conceptualization of risk for alcohol abuse. Psychol Addict Behav 15:333-40

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