This submission proposes an alcohol epidemiological survey of four national groups of Hispanics: Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, Puerto Rieans and CentraFSouth Americans. Respondents (1500 in each group) will be randomly selected from the household population and interviewed in selected geographical areas of the country. The proposed survey has the following aims: 1) To characterize drinking patterns, frequent heavy drinking and drunkenness, and to identify the sociodemographic correlates of these patterns of drinking. 2) To examine attitudes toward drinking and drunkenness and alcohol-related expectancies, and to establish the relationship between these two areas of cognition and drinking. 3) To evaluate the association between acculturation, acculturation stress, drinking patterns, frequent heavy drinking and alcohol-related cognitions (attitudes, expectancies) in each of the four national groups under study. 4) To evaluate structural models that postulate the relationships among the factors discussed in specific aims 1 to 3 and the relationship between these factors and three measures of alcohol consumption: abstention versus drinking, number of drinks consumed per month, and frequent heavy drinking. 5) To examine the prevalence of alcohol-related problems, alcohol dependence; to establish the drinking and sociodemographic correlates of dependence; and to assess the relationship between alcohol dependence and alcohol-related problems. 6) To examine the relationship between alcohol-related problems, alcohol abuse/dependence and drinking at the group level, using indicators of drinking (e.g., mean consumption per capita) that represent amount of alcohol consumed not by individuals but by sociodemographic groups defined by gender, ethuicity and age, 7) To examine the rate of arrests for driving under the influence (DUI) and undetected DUI (driving after having drunk enough to be in trouble if stopped by police) as well as other DUI-related areas such as number of drinks necessary to affect driving in the four groups under study. Results from this study will fill a major gap in epidemiology among U.S. Hispanics, and will have implications for the development of prevention interventions.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Social Sciences, Nursing, Epidemiology and Methods 4 (SNEM)
Program Officer
Arroyo, Judith A
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University of Texas Health Science Center Houston
Schools of Public Health
United States
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Bandiera, Frank C; Vaeth, Patrice A C; Caetano, Raul et al. (2018) The role of acculturation and binge drinking on smoking status among Mexican Americans: Comparison by border residence. Drug Alcohol Depend 183:205-209
Vaeth, Patrice A C; Caetano, Raul; Mills, Britain A (2016) Factors Associated with Depression Among Mexican Americans Living in U.S.-Mexico Border and Non-Border Areas. J Immigr Minor Health 18:718-27
Mills, Britain A; Caetano, Raul; Vaeth, Patrice A C et al. (2015) Disentangling contributions of bar attendance, drinking, and other factors to elevated acute alcohol problems on the U.S.-Mexico border. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 39:2171-8
Cook, Won K; Caetano, Raul (2014) Ethnic drinking cultures, gender, and socioeconomic status in Asian American and Latino drinking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 38:3043-51
Mills, Britain A; Caetano, Raul; Vaeth, Patrice (2014) Cross-border policy effects on alcohol outcomes: drinking without thinking on the u.s.-Mexico border? Alcohol Clin Exp Res 38:2809-15
Marra, L B; Field, C A; Caetano, R et al. (2014) Construct validity of the short inventory of problems among Spanish speaking Hispanics. Addict Behav 39:205-10
Caetano, Raul; Mills, Britain A; Vaeth, Patrice A C et al. (2014) Age at first drink, drinking, binge drinking, and DSM-5 alcohol use disorder among Hispanic national groups in the United States. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 38:1381-9
Chartier, Karen G; Scott, Denise M; Wall, Tamara L et al. (2014) Framing ethnic variations in alcohol outcomes from biological pathways to neighborhood context. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 38:611-8
Caetano, Raul; Vaeth, Patrice A C; Mills, Britain A (2013) Rates and predictors of DUI among U.S.-Mexico border and non-border Mexican Americans. Accid Anal Prev 59:289-95
Caetano, Raul; Mills, Britain; Vaeth, Patrice A C (2012) Alcohol consumption and binge drinking among U.S.-Mexico border and non-border Mexican Americans. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 36:677-85

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