Early influences may accumulate over the life course to impact how well we age. However, relatively little is known about the developmental etiologies of individual differences in age- related cognitive change. Thus, the primary objective of the proposed research is to assess the unique saliency of early childhood factors to adult cognitive maintenance and change versus proximal influences and innovations (genetic and environmental) that emerge across development. We will leverage the strengths of two internationally renowned studies of behavioral development, the Colorado Adoption Project (CAP) and the Longitudinal Twin Study (LTS), each with decades of previously collected cognitive and behavioral data spanning infancy to early adulthood, and conduct a new assessment of 776 adoptive and non-adoptive probands and siblings and 824 twins, ranging in age from 28-38 years. The resulting Colorado Adoption/Twin Study of Lifespan behavioral development and cognitive aging (CATSLife) will be the first prospective longitudinal study of the etiologies of behavioral and cognitive changes during the transition to middle adulthood.
The aims are to: conduct a genetically sensitive study of individual differences in behavioral and cognitive change at the cusp of middle adulthood, in 1600 participants studied almost yearly from birth to early adulthood; map individual differences in growth and maintenance of cognitive abilities; evaluate and trace measured physical factors and health behaviors, biochemical markers and measured genetic pathways important to sustaining cognitive performance; and track measured environmental factors that might decrease, sustain or boost cognitive performance. The CATSLife will include expanded assessment of cognitive performance, physical functioning and health behaviors, gene pathways, including measured genetic variation in lipid, synaptic plasticity and cell-signaling paths (based on chip array variants), biochemical markers (e.g., serum lipids), and environmental measures (e.g., engagement in leisure activities). We will assess etiologies of changes in physical health and cognitive functioning, and test whether associations across domains change with age due to changes in genetic variation or self-selection of environments. Measured gene pathway sets, and environmental measures, including engagement in leisure activities and neighborhood-level variables, will be evaluated as potential factors underlying dynamics of genetic variation or environmental selection. Thus, the CATSLife will provide an unparalleled opportunity to assess prospectively the etiologies of cognitive change, and test the saliency of early childhood versus proximal influences on the genesis of cognitive decline.

Public Health Relevance

This unparalleled combined adoption/twin study will contribute to a greater prospective understanding of the manner in which cognitive abilities and physical health in early life mutually promote cognitive functioning as individuals approach midlife. An improved understanding of genetic and environmental influences and how they interact with early life factors to affect adult outcomes may contribute to improved cognitive and physical functioning and well-being, as well as to better health education and services.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01AG046938-04
Application #
9462013
Study Section
Behavioral Genetics and Epidemiology Study Section (BGES)
Program Officer
King, Jonathan W
Project Start
2015-06-01
Project End
2020-02-29
Budget Start
2018-03-01
Budget End
2019-02-28
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2018
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Riverside
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
627797426
City
Riverside
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92521
Ricker, Ashley A; Corley, Robin; DeFries, John C et al. (2018) Examining the influence of perceived stress on developmental change in memory and perceptual speed for adopted and nonadopted individuals. Dev Psychol 54:138-150
Yerdelen, Sundus; Durksen, Tracy; Rimfeld, Kaili et al. (2018) Developing SENSES: Student experience of non-shared environment scales. PLoS One 13:e0202543
von Stumm, Sophie; Plomin, Robert (2018) Monozygotic twin differences in school performance are stable and systematic. Dev Sci 21:e12694
Rimfeld, Kaili; Krapohl, Eva; Trzaskowski, Maciej et al. (2018) Genetic influence on social outcomes during and after the Soviet era in Estonia. Nat Hum Behav 2:269-275
Rhee, Soo Hyun; Friedman, Naomi P; Smith Watts, Ashley K et al. (2018) The Association Between Toddlerhood Self-Control and Later Externalizing Problems. Behav Genet 48:125-134
Smith Watts, Ashley K; Friedman, Naomi P; Corley, Robin P et al. (2018) A Longitudinal and Multidimensional Examination of the Associations Between Temperament and Self-Restraint During Toddlerhood. Child Dev :
Hatoum, Alexander S; Rhee, Soo Hyun; Corley, Robin P et al. (2018) Etiology of Stability and Growth of Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior Problems Across Childhood and Adolescence. Behav Genet 48:298-314
Hatoum, Alexander S; Rhee, Soo Hyun; Corley, Robin P et al. (2018) Do executive functions explain the covariance between internalizing and externalizing behaviors? Dev Psychopathol 30:1371-1387
Krapohl, E; Patel, H; Newhouse, S et al. (2018) Multi-polygenic score approach to trait prediction. Mol Psychiatry 23:1368-1374
Friedman, Naomi P; du Pont, Alta; Corley, Robin P et al. (2018) Longitudinal Relations Between Depressive Symptoms and Executive Functions From Adolescence to Early Adulthood: A Twin Study. Clin Psychol Sci 6:543-560

Showing the most recent 10 out of 38 publications