There are no approved disease-modifying drugs to prevent, delay, or slow disease progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias. The overwhelming majority of AD clinical trials targeted the beta-amyloid pathway with disappointingly ineffective outcomes in >99% of the studies. Therefore, there is an urgent need to diversify the portfolio of disease modifying approaches that are distinct from prior art. Our unbiased discovery strategy for the campaign described here focused on targeting a particular form of dysregulated inflammation, injurious proinflammatory cytokine overproduction in the brain, that is a key contributor to synaptic dysfunction, neurodegeneration and cognitive decline in diverse neurodegenerative diseases. We seek funding for the required phase 1 clinical safety studies of MW01-2-151SRM (=MW151). MW151 is a novel, CNS-penetrant, orally bioavailable, small molecule candidate that selectively suppresses stressor-induced proinflammatory cytokine overproduction. MW151 ameliorates synaptic damage and cognitive impairment at low doses in diverse animal models where proinflammatory cytokine dysregulation is established as a contributor to disease progression. MW151 has no liabilities in investigational new drug (IND)-enabling safety pharmacology and toxicology tests such as respiratory and cardiovascular safety pharmacology, rat and dog 28-day repeat administration toxicology, and genotoxicity. The low risk aspect of MW151 safety is reinforced by an analog developed for the demanding intravenous route of administration and its progression through phase 1a and promising status in phase 1b. We hypothesize that MW151 will be a successful oral candidate for future treatment of individuals with MCI/AD. This application seeks to progress through the required first-in-human (FIH) safety clinical trials.
Our specific aims are:
Aim 1 : Conduct a first-in-human (FIH) phase 1a single ascending dose (SAD) study. This study will determine safety and tolerability, maximum tolerated dose, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of MW151 in healthy adult volunteers. Plasma cytokine levels will be measured to provide baseline data for a future exploratory pharmacodynamic (PD) endpoint in phase 2a clinical trials.
Aim 2 : Conduct a phase 1b multiple ascending dose (MAD) study of MW151. This study will determine safety and tolerability, maximum tolerated dose, and PK of MW151 in healthy adult volunteers. In addition, a cohort of elderly healthy subjects and exploratory PD inflammatory cytokine endpoints in CSF will be included.
Aim 3 : Prepare clinical protocol and investigators brochure for a future phase 2a clinical trial of MW151 in early AD. Based on the outcomes of the proposed phase 1 studies, we will design a phase 2a trial and prepare the documents required. This will allow immediate progress to future FIP studies for AD. Overall, MW151 represents a unique opportunity for development as a first-in-class disease-modifying therapeutic.
Success in the proposed first-in-human phase 1 clinical trial in healthy adult volunteers will provide safety and dosing information required to progress to the next stage of development for MW151, a promising brain- penetrant, small molecule drug candidate that targets dysregulated inflammation in the brain. MW151 has the potential to be a first-in-class disease modifying therapy for MCI/Alzheimer?s disease.