Tuberculosis (TB) remains the second leading cause of human death from a single infectious agent. Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that are resistant against multiple drugs (MDR) or are extremely drug resistant (XDR) continue to emerge and spread. New drugs are needed limit the impact of TB on global public health. We demonstrated that biotin metabolism is essential for growth and persistence of M. tuberculosis during infections, that biotin starvation can cause bacterial cell death, and we identified inhibitors of the biotin protein ligase of M. tuberculosis. In the proposed research we will (i) measure vulnerability of M. tuberculosis towards inhibition of different enzymes participating in biotin metabolism, (ii) identify triggers of biotin-starvation-induced cell death in M. tuberculosis, (iii) use structure-based drug design to further develop available lead compounds that inhibit biotin metabolism in M. tuberculosis, and (iv) study the mechanism of action of these inhibitors.

Public Health Relevance

Tuberculosis (TB) is the world's second leading cause of premature human death from an infectious disease. Work outlined in this proposal will directly contribute to the development of new TB drugs and ultimately help reducing the impact of this disease on global health.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Project (R01)
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Drug Discovery and Mechanisms of Antimicrobial Resistance Study Section (DDR)
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Boyce, Jim P
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Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Schools of Medicine
New York
United States
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Tiwari, Divya; Park, Sae Woong; Essawy, Maram M et al. (2018) Targeting protein biotinylation enhances tuberculosis chemotherapy. Sci Transl Med 10:
Liu, Feng; Dawadi, Surendra; Maize, Kimberly M et al. (2017) Structure-Based Optimization of Pyridoxal 5'-Phosphate-Dependent Transaminase Enzyme (BioA) Inhibitors that Target Biotin Biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Med Chem 60:5507-5520
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