The objective of this research is to determine the relative importance of various cellular processes in affecting tumor response to both sparsely and highly ionizing radiation. This is accomplished by using a well-characterized animal tumor system (the R-1 sarcoma in the WAG/Rij rat). The response from heavy charged particle radiation available at the Berkeley Bevalac is compared with the response from 225-kVp X rays. The studies are designed to provide information on the time course of the following cellular processes in irradiated tumors: repopulation, repair of potentially lethal damage, cell phase-specific survival and rates of reoxygenation. Repopulation is studied by measuring the fraction of clonogenic cells versus time by means of the tumor excision assay. Repair of potentially lethal damage is measured by the addition of the drug Beta-ara-A at a series of times postirradiation. Cell phase-specific survival is measured by introducing the Hoescht stain 33342 after tumor excision and sorting the cell population into G1, S and G2+M fractions with a FACS flow cytometer. Reoxygenation is measured via the excision assay method. The data gathered will be used to further develop a cell-kinetic model of tumor volume response after irradiation with high- and low-LET radiation. This project will provide an increased understanding of the relative importance of these processes in tumor response. This information will be useful to the heavy-charged particle radiotherapy program presently being conducted at the Bevalac heavy-ion accelerator.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Radiation Study Section (RAD)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Organized Research Units
United States
Zip Code
Afzal, S M; Tenforde, T S; Kavanau, K S et al. (1991) Repopulation kinetics of rat rhabdomyosarcoma tumors following single and fractionated doses of low-LET and high-LET radiation. Radiat Res 127:230-3
Afzal, S M; Tenforde, T S; Kavanau, K S et al. (1991) Reoxygenation in a rat rhabdomyosarcoma tumor following X-irradiation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 20:473-7
Tenforde, T S; Kavanau, K S; Afzal, S M et al. (1990) Host cell cytotoxicity, cellular repopulation dynamics, and phase-specific cell survival in X-irradiated rat rhabdomyosarcoma tumors. Radiat Res 123:32-43
Tenforde, T S; Montoya, V J; Afzal, S M et al. (1989) Response of rat rhabdomyosarcoma tumors to split doses of mixed high- and low-let radiation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 16:1529-36
Afzal, S M; Ainsworth, E J (1987) Radioprotection of mouse colony forming units-spleen against heavy-charged particle damage by WR 2721. Radiat Res 109:118-26
Afzal, S M; Tenforde, T S; Parr, S S et al. (1986) PLD repair in rat rhabdomyosarcoma tumor cells irradiated in vivo and in vitro with high-LET and low-LET radiation. Radiat Res 107:354-66
Nusse, M; Afzal, S M; Carr, B et al. (1985) Cell cycle kinetic measurements in an irradiated rat rhabdomyosarcoma using a monoclonal antibody to bromodeoxyuridine. Cytometry 6:611-9