Cervical carcinoma, the second-leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide, is associated with human papilloma virus (HPV). Although HPV infection is widespread in the teenaged population, most cases of cervical carcinoma occur 20-30 years after initial exposure. Therefore, it is likely that HPV provides an initiation step or """"""""first hit"""""""" in cervical carcinoma development. HPV-infected individualsare at high risk for developing cervical carcinoma; however, the molecular mechanisms that lead to the progression of cervical cancer have not been established. This proposal will identify a potential subsequent hit that leads to cervical carcinoma. We have detected increased cytoplasmic and nuclear 6-catenin levels in cervical carcinoma patient samples, yet mutations in the 6-catenin gene are rare in these tumors. Because 6-catenin accumulation is an indicator of activated Wnt pathway, we will study the Wnt signaling as a tumor promoting pathway. Our experimental model of cervical carcinoma uses HPV-immortalized primary human keratinocytes. In an in vitro experimental model, malignant transformation of HPV-immortalized keratinocytes can be achieved by transfecting them with SV-40 small-t antigen (smt). Our published preliminary data indicate thatmalignant transformation of HPV-infected primary human keratinocytes by smt involves activation of the Wnt pathway. We present preliminary data that Wnt pathway activation by Wnts and their down stream signaling components also transform HPV-immortalized keratinocytes. However, activation of the Wnt pathway in the absence of HPV infection is not sufficient to induce malignant transformation. Therefore, we hypothesize that Wnt signaling contributes to the pathogenesis of cervical cancer and causes progression to achieve malignant transformation. The following specific aims will be used to test our hypothesis;
Specific Aim 1 will determine the in vivo effect of 6-catenin stabilizationin HPV-infected cervical epithelium using transgenic mouse models.
Specific Aim 2 will determine the mechanism of Wnt pathway activation in human tumor specimens of cervical cancer. Results of specific aim 1 will provide us with a clinically relevant mouse cervical carcinoma model for chemoprevention and chemotherapy. Results of specific aim 2 will lead to a better understanding of the molecular pathobiology of cervical cancer. This knowledge will allow us to identify woman at high-risk,who are more likely to progress to malignantcervical carcinoma. Results of this study can validate molecular targets in cervical carcinoma, which can be used for designing novel preventive and therapeutic strategies. Georgetown University, Washington, DC PHS 398(Rev. 09/04) Page 2 Form Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): KEY PERSONNEL. See instructions. Use continuation pages as needed to provide the required information in the format shown below. Start with Principal Investigator. List all other key personnel in alphabetical order, last name first. Name eRA Commons User Name Organization Role on Project Oren, Aykut M.D. ayuren Georgetown University PrincipalInvestigator Schlegel, Richard M.D., Ph.D. Georgetown University Co-investigator Russell, Robert, D.V.M., Ph.D. Georgetown University Co-investigator OTHER SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTORS Name Organization Role on Project Human Embryonic Stem Cells [X] No Q Yes If the proposed project involves human embryonic stem cells, list below the registration number of the specific cell line(s) from the following list: http://stemcells.nih.qov/reqistry/index.asp. Usecontinuation pages as needed. If a specific line cannot be referenced at this time, include a statement that one from the Registry will be used. Cell Line Disclosure Permission Statement. Applicable to SBIR/STTR Only. See instructions. Yes No PHS 398 (Rev. 09/04) Page 2-COntinued Form Page 2-continued Number the following pages consecutively throughout the application. Do not use suffixes such as 4a, 4b. Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Uren. Aykut The name of the principal investigator/program director must be provided at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description,

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Cancer Molecular Pathobiology Study Section (CAMP)
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Blair, Donald G
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Georgetown University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
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Adhikari, Sanjay; Chetram, Mahandranauth A; Woodrick, Jordan et al. (2015) Germ line variants of human N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase show impaired DNA repair activity and facilitate 1,N6-ethenoadenine-induced mutations. J Biol Chem 290:4966-80
Bulut, Gülay; Üren, Aykut (2015) Generation of K14-E7/?N87?cat double transgenic mice as a model of cervical cancer. Methods Mol Biol 1249:393-406
Rahim, Said; Uren, Aykut (2011) A real-time electrical impedance based technique to measure invasion of endothelial cell monolayer by cancer cells. J Vis Exp :
Bulut, Gülay; Fallen, Shannon; Beauchamp, Elspeth M et al. (2011) Beta-catenin accelerates human papilloma virus type-16 mediated cervical carcinogenesis in transgenic mice. PLoS One 6:e27243
Rahim, Said; Beauchamp, Elspeth M; Kong, Yali et al. (2011) YK-4-279 inhibits ERG and ETV1 mediated prostate cancer cell invasion. PLoS One 6:e19343
Adhikari, Sanjay; Uren, Aykut; Roy, Rabindra (2009) Excised damaged base determines the turnover of human N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase. DNA Repair (Amst) 8:1201-6
Chen, Kevin; Fallen, Shannon; Abaan, Hatice Ozel et al. (2008) Wnt10b induces chemotaxis of osteosarcoma and correlates with reduced survival. Pediatr Blood Cancer 51:349-55
Adhikari, Sanjay; Manthena, Praveen Varma; Uren, Aykut et al. (2008) Expression, purification and characterization of codon-optimized human N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase from Escherichia coli. Protein Expr Purif 58:257-62
Adhikari, Sanjay; Uren, Aykut; Roy, Rabindra (2008) Dipole-dipole interaction stabilizes the transition state of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease--abasic site interaction. J Biol Chem 283:1334-9
Adhikari, Sanjay; Uren, Aykut; Roy, Rabindra (2007) N-terminal extension of N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase is required for turnover in hypoxanthine excision reaction. J Biol Chem 282:30078-84