Pancreatic cancer accounts for 5% of cancer deaths in the United States and is the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality. According to the SEER Cancer Statistics Review, it is estimated that in 2009 there will have been over 42,000 new cases of pancreatic cancer and over 35,000 deaths. Current treatment options are of limited benefit with a 5-year survival rate following diagnosis of less than 5%. The current standard-of-care therapy, gemcitabine, only improves survival by a few weeks. It is clear that more effective therapy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer is needed. Ultrasound-enhanced drug delivery is an active and promising area of research. Ultrasound has been demonstrated to enhance vascular permeability and drug penetration into tissue, primarily due to mechanisms related to cavitation. Ongoing research efforts (including preliminary data from our lab presented in this proposal) have identified ultrasound mechanism and parameters that are likely to be effective in vivo. Several in vivo studies have been performed in various xenograft and syngenic autograft animal models that have demonstrated that ultrasound enhanced drug delivery is effective in decreasing tumor size and increasing survival duration;however, these tumor models, especially for pancreatic cancer, have been criticized for being unrealistic and not representative of the true in vivo environment seen in the human disease. In this proposal, we believe that we have developed a study that includes rigorous fundamental science, but also is rapidly translatable. The attractiveness of the strategy in this proposal is that it utilizes a chemotherapeutic agent that is the current standard of care (gemcitabine) along with focused ultrasound technology that is currently available and readily implementable to rapidly translate these results into human clinical trials. In addition, it brings for the first time to the study of ultrasound-enhanced drug delivery a unique and realistic animal model (KPC mice), which will provide much more realistic data to evaluate the potential for clinical translation. The overall aim of this proposal is to investigate whether ultrasound can enhance targeted drug penetration into an in vivo pancreatic tumor and improve survival duration. We believe that the successful accomplishment of the specific aims of this proposal will be a major step toward applying this promising approach to human patients who are suffering from pancreatic cancer.
Pancreatic cancer accounts for 5% of cancer deaths in the United States and is the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality and current treatments are essentially ineffective. The overall aim of this proposal is to investigate whether ultrasound can enhance targeted drug penetration into an in vivo pancreatic tumor and improve survival duration. We believe that the successful accomplishment of the specific aims of this proposal will be a major step toward applying this promising approach to human patients who are suffering from pancreatic cancer.
|Vohra, Ravneet; Park, Joshua; Wang, Yak-Nam et al. (2018) Evaluation of pancreatic tumor development in KPC mice using multi-parametric MRI. Cancer Imaging 18:41|
|Farr, Navid; Wang, Yak-Nam; D'Andrea, Samantha et al. (2018) Hyperthermia-enhanced targeted drug delivery using magnetic resonance-guided focussed ultrasound: a pre-clinical study in a genetic model of pancreatic cancer. Int J Hyperthermia 34:284-291|
|Farr, Navid; Wang, Yak-Nam; D'Andrea, Samantha et al. (2017) Noninvasive characterization of pancreatic tumor mouse models using magnetic resonance imaging. Cancer Med 6:1082-1090|
|Maloney, Ezekiel; Khokhlova, Tanya; Pillarisetty, Venu G et al. (2017) Focused ultrasound for immuno-adjuvant treatment of pancreatic cancer: An emerging clinical paradigm in the era of personalized oncotherapy. Int Rev Immunol 36:338-351|
|Zhou, Yufeng; Wang, Yak-Nam; Farr, Navid et al. (2016) Enhancement of Small Molecule Delivery by Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound: A Parameter Exploration. Ultrasound Med Biol 42:956-63|
|Li, Tong; Wang, Yak-Nam; Khokhlova, Tatiana D et al. (2015) Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Enhances Delivery of Doxorubicin in a Preclinical Model of Pancreatic Cancer. Cancer Res 75:3738-46|
|Li, Tong; Khokhlova, Tatiana; Maloney, Ezekiel et al. (2015) Endoscopic high-intensity focused US: technical aspects and studies in an in vivo porcine model (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 81:1243-50|
|Li, Tong; Chen, Hong; Khokhlova, Tatiana et al. (2014) Passive cavitation detection during pulsed HIFU exposures of ex vivo tissues and in vivo mouse pancreatic tumors. Ultrasound Med Biol 40:1523-34|
|Li, Tong; Khokhlova, Tatiana D; Sapozhnikov, Oleg A et al. (2014) A new active cavitation mapping technique for pulsed HIFU applications--bubble Doppler. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 61:1698-708|
|Khokhlova, Tatiana; Li, Tong; Sapozhnikov, Oleg et al. (2013) The use of twinkling artifact of Doppler imaging to monitor cavitation in tissue during high intensity focused ultrasound therapy. Proc Meet Acoust 19:|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 11 publications